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A New Era for Canadian Energy is Now
April 25-27, 2023
Edmonton Convention Centre - Edmonton, Canada

  • 8 00 AM
Registration Opens
  • 9 00 AM

Codes & Standards and Hydrogen Safety in Design

Production

Hydrogen projects are rapidly developing across Canada and the globe, given the push for low carbon and net zero carbon fuels. While hydrogen regulations and Codes & Standards exist in most jurisdi...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Codes & Standards and Hydrogen Safety in Design

  • pr-alarm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Hydrogen projects are rapidly developing across Canada and the globe, given the push for low carbon and net zero carbon fuels. While hydrogen regulations and Codes & Standards exist in most jurisdictions, the application of the existing guidance does not always align with engineering guidance or the available products/suppliers. This is primarily being driven by the market, and resulting technologies, moving faster than regulatory bodies and code development can. This can result in two main gaps of concern. The first is that there is a design scenario that is not covered by regulation, and relies on manufacturers, developers, or engineering firms to justify their solution and address the gap on a case-by-case basis. The second is a mis-match in regulations between jurisdictions. While the second is typically addressed by managing to the more stringent set of requirements, both gaps lead to safety considerations as well as commercial and project development constraints. This presentation will provide a review of gaps in current codes and standards, from the lens of project development, identifying areas of overlap and mis-match, and the engineering driven safety in design principles and procedures that can be used to address them.

Mark McDougall  300x300
Mark McDougall Vice President, Business Development
Sector Lead – Conventional Energy
Worley
  • 9 00 AM

Future Pipelines - A Global Perspective on Repurposing to Hydrogen

Transport and Storage

If the energy transition and deep decarbonisation envisaged by governmental and international policy announcements is to become a reality, hydrogen will have to play an integral role. For this to...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Future Pipelines - A Global Perspective on Repurposing to Hydrogen

  • pr-alarm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

If the energy transition and deep decarbonisation envisaged by governmental and international policy announcements is to become a reality, hydrogen will have to play an integral role. For this to be economically attractive and technically feasible existing infrastructure, including pipelines, will need to be used. Although the drivers are clear, there is a lack of code guidance about how to technically achieve this while maintaining safety, and only one pipeline in Europe has so far been repurposed by a gas transmission system operator (TSO) under very restrictive operational conditions. This presentation will explore the integrity considerations and challenges associated with successful repurposing and outline how they are being addressed in Europe and elsewhere. An integrity-focused framework will be presented, providing a phased technical approach repurpose pipelines in the energy transition and to manage the introduction of hydrogen into the global pipeline network.

Neil Gallon 300x300
Neil Gallon Principal Engineer ROSEN
  • 9 00 AM

Alberta Hydrogen for Clean-firm Power in Decarbonized Power Grids

End User

Objectives/Scope: As of June 29, 2021, Canada enacted the Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act to legislate a net-zero GHG emissions target by 2050. Alberta's power is currently generated with 87%...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
End User

Alberta Hydrogen for Clean-firm Power in Decarbonized Power Grids

  • pr-alarm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Objectives/Scope: As of June 29, 2021, Canada enacted the Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act to legislate a net-zero GHG emissions target by 2050. Alberta's power is currently generated with 87% fossil fuel (coal and natural gas) and 13% renewables (mostly wind and biomass), emitting 60% of Canada's power sector emissions. As our economy attempts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, Alberta's electricity generation must transition significantly to achieve the net-zero target by 2050. This study aims to assess the role that low-carbon hydrogen-based power can play in operating a decarbonized power grid. Methods, Procedures, Process: A rigorous energy systems model of Alberta's power grid is used to conduct simulations and cost-benefit scenario analysis to the year 2050. Scenarios are developed that showcase how hydrogen produced from different Alberta technologies can provide clean firm power through different types of power plants, such as combined cycle power using hydrogen produced from autothermal reforming with carbon capture and storage. Results, Observations, Conclusions: A net-zero power grid will be clean-firm power for a reliable grid. Low-carbon hydrogen can enable a zero-emission power grid by generating energy when renewable energy output is low. The costs of scenarios with different technology mixes are evaluated. Novel/Additive Information: There is no conclusive research investigating the role that low-carbon natural gas-based hydrogen (such as from autothermal reforming with carbon capture and storage) can play in decarbonizing the power sector. This analysis will inform industry and government policymakers about the utility of clean hydrogen-based power so effective decisions and policies can be made.

Matthew Davis 300x300
Matthew Davis Research Engineer University of Alberta
  • 9 30 AM

Enhanced Hydrogen Recovery™ (EHR™) Producing the ‘Greenest Blue’ Hydrogen

Production

The world today produces over 90 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) of hydrogen, almost all from steam methane reforming (SMR) that is as dirty as coal-fired power generation. Electrolysis from renewa...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Enhanced Hydrogen Recovery™ (EHR™) Producing the ‘Greenest Blue’ Hydrogen

  • pr-alarm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

The world today produces over 90 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) of hydrogen, almost all from steam methane reforming (SMR) that is as dirty as coal-fired power generation. Electrolysis from renewable energy is much cleaner but also higher cost and consumes huge amounts of fresh water (14-18 t/t H2), making it impractical in solar-rich but water-poor areas. Enhanced Hydrogen Recovery™ (EHR™) technology can produce the “greenest blue” hydrogen with lower carbon intensity than green hydrogen from hydropower and minimal fresh water, at a cost that’s less than half the cost of hydrogen from SMRs. EHR™ produces hydrogen-rich syngas from ultra-deep coal and brine in-situ and re-injects associated CO2 back into the same deep seam for permanent geological sequestration, turning coal ‘from a source to a sink’ of CO2. EHR™ symbiotically integrates proven underground coal gasification with injection of supercritical CO2 to mobilize saline water contained in the coal matrix into the low pressure reaction zone for enhanced hydrogen recovery. The CO2 that comes to the surface is captured and reinjected back into the pore space created by extracting water and gasses from the coal matrix for adsorption on the coal increasing permanence of sequestration. This process all takes place on-site without costly transportation using cogenerated low-carbon, low-cost energy for compression. This syngas is efficiently processed into low-cost, low-carbon hydrogen at surface and can be used directly (heat, power, transportation), or processed further to produce the ‘greenest blue’ ammonia, methanol, and other chemicals critical to decarbonizing difficult industries. EHR™ technology can help decarbonize Canada’s oil and gas industry (e.g., decarbonization of natural gas supplies, bitumen/petroleum upgrading and petrochemicals) and establish a new Alberta Advantage in cost and CO2 emissions. The first EHR™ plant is in development for initial commercial production of 7 t/d of clean hydrogen from stranded hydrocarbons east of Red Deer, Alberta operational by 2024. The initial hydrogen plant will solidify EHR™ claims to be the ‘greenest blue’ hydrogen by having real world realizations of GHG emissions, land use, and water use to pave the way for global scale up. EHR™ provides a way for Canada and others, especially China, India and developing countries, to use their huge coal reserves cleanly.

Rob Sturgess 300x300.jpg
Rob Sturgess Vice President for Project Development Cvictus
  • 9 30 AM

The City of Edmonton Targets to be Emissions Neutral by 2040

Transport and Storage

The City of Edmonton has set a target to be emissions neutral by the year 2040. To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the City has identified a number of priority projects, including the Hydrogen Tra...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

The City of Edmonton Targets to be Emissions Neutral by 2040

  • pr-alarm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

The City of Edmonton has set a target to be emissions neutral by the year 2040. To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the City has identified a number of priority projects, including the Hydrogen Transformation. This initiative is the first of its kind in the country and includes a three part approach: Hydrogen Fueling Station, Fleet Conversion (including transit and municipal fleet), and a new Transit Garage. The Hydrogen Transformation project strongly aligns with provincial and federal clean energy initiatives and strongly positions the city, province and country to be a global leader in clean energy supply.

Eddie Robar 300x300.jpg
Eddie Robar Branch Manager City of Edmonton
  • 9 30 AM

Decarbonising Plants with Hydrogen-ready Solutions, Integrating High Fuel-flex Gas Turbine

End User

In a virtuous pursuit to reduce harmful emissions for the people and to tackle climate change, all the recent gas turbines technology developments have been focused on reducing GHG emissions. Since...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
End User

Decarbonising Plants with Hydrogen-ready Solutions, Integrating High Fuel-flex Gas Turbine

  • pr-alarm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

In a virtuous pursuit to reduce harmful emissions for the people and to tackle climate change, all the recent gas turbines technology developments have been focused on reducing GHG emissions. Since beginning of this century there has been a growing interest in hydrogen as fuel for power generation, transport and domestic use and there has been a tremendous effort increase in the last decade to solve the technical challenges from hydrogen utilization as fuel gas. This paper describes details about the development and optimization of the NovaLT16 package enabling the use of 100% hydrogen as fuel gas in the entire range of applications with relevant challenges, analyzing also all the auxiliary systems to ensure safe and robust operability. The enhancement and optimization of the combustion system (able to operate with fuel gas up to 100% H2, while delivering 15 ppm NOx when operating with natural gas) will be showed, based on the burner technology design criteria, the numerical analyses, and the experimental verifications aimed to improve the design reliability and reduce the development risks. Relevant results of a full annular rig verification test for the full pressure and temperature and full-scale combustion system will be presented, showing the beneficial effect in terms of NOx abatement of a water injection system integrated in the fuel nozzles design and able to operate without jeopardizing the combustion system mean time between maintenance. This paper will describe also specific case studies where the value proposition of these technologies will be highlighted, starting from the powergen application (balancing power in green hydrogen production plants) or mechanical drive services (hydrogen compression for storage or hydrogen backbone). Finally, it will be concluded that these climate technology solutions (currently in industrialization phase) are ready to serve installed plants, at the same time minimizing the impacts on greenfield plants.

Gianluca Bartolini 300x300.jpg
Gianluca Bartolini Product Manager - NovaLT Gas Turbine Baker Hughes
  • 10 00 AM
Coffee Break & Visit Exhibition
  • 10 30 AM

Measurement Needs within the Hydrogen Industry

Production

Hydrogen in Canada is beginning to shift from hypothetical debates to practical demonstration projects and large-scale production facilities. Several challenges have been identified when it comes t...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Measurement Needs within the Hydrogen Industry

  • pr-alarm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Hydrogen in Canada is beginning to shift from hypothetical debates to practical demonstration projects and large-scale production facilities. Several challenges have been identified when it comes to instrumentation and measurement of the hydrogen molecule With pipelines blending 5-20% Hydrogen into natural gas systems, and pure H2 pipelines being planned, these challenges need to be solved to safely transition to a Hydrogen economy. Whether unique material considerations or different analytical techniques for purity analysis and BTU analysis, these challenges manifest differently at each stage of production of hydrogen and its various downstream uses This presentation will cover an extensive portfolio of measurement solutions to solve the biggest measurement challenges, including: - Quantification and measurement of Hydrogen in production facilities - Meeting sold-to-market pipeline specifications for Hydrogen purity - Hydrogen-appropriate metering technologies - Accurate control of Hydrogen blending process for precise custody transfer.

Don Ford 300x300.jpg
Don Ford Technical Specialist Spartan Controls Ltd.
  • 10 30 AM

Hydrogen Embrittlement in Metallic Materials: A Focus on Macro Effects

Transport and Storage

Hydrogen Embrittlement in Metallic Storage and Transport Materials: A Focus on Macro Effects As the world’s energy infrastructure begins the process of adapting to greater scales of hydrogen transp...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Hydrogen Embrittlement in Metallic Materials: A Focus on Macro Effects

  • pr-alarm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Hydrogen Embrittlement in Metallic Storage and Transport Materials: A Focus on Macro Effects As the world’s energy infrastructure begins the process of adapting to greater scales of hydrogen transport and storage, research continues to explore and evaluate the limit of hydrogen service capability for new and established products and materials. Much work has been done over the last 20 years to understand the fundamental mechanisms behind the embrittlement and permeation tendencies of metallic materials when exposed to hydrogen. However, while much work remains to be completed in this area, even more work remains to uncover the effects of hydrogen at the macro level. In this presentation, macro material and product effects in hydrogen, both established and potential effects for storage and transport applications, will be discussed. The presentation will begin with a brief review of the fundamentals of how metallic materials respond when exposed to hydrogen. These fundamentals include the engineering properties most used when designing and evaluating high-pressure gas storage and transport systems. This introduction will be followed by a description of several macro material or product properties that have either been established as being affected by the presence of hydrogen, or that have the potential to be affected and consequently require additional research. Examples of relevant macro properties that will be touched on include surface finish, local hardness, and residual stress, among others. Direct or analogous case studies of gas system failures related to macro effects will be recounted. Similarly, research conducted on the impact of macro effects in high-pressure gas systems as they relate to hydrogen transport and storage will be summarized, presented, and discussed. Finally, recommendations for future research will be provided.

Mark Cuglietta 300x300
Mark Cuglietta Senior Research Engineer C-FER Technologies Inc.
  • 10 30 AM

Keep On Truckin: Heavy Duty Transport Options in Hydrogen Economy

End User

Industrial players around the world and locally have begun to declare their commitments to a net zero greenhouse gas emissions future. This has prompted energy producers and consumers alike to thin...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
End User

Keep On Truckin: Heavy Duty Transport Options in Hydrogen Economy

  • pr-alarm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Industrial players around the world and locally have begun to declare their commitments to a net zero greenhouse gas emissions future. This has prompted energy producers and consumers alike to think beyond the status quo and innovate for how we will power the future in a clean, safe, and reliable manner. In a time where global economies are highly dependent on the movement of commercial and consumer goods, the decarbonization of heavy-duty transportation is a key lever in the energy transition. Hydrogen propulsion systems have shown major promise to progress this future in the short and long terms, with dual fuel engines, high pressure direct injection engines and fuel cells being front runners in that space. This presentation will provide a framework for the technoeconomic evaluation and comparison of technology options for decarbonizing heavy haul transportation considering key life cycle characteristics. This encompasses technologies beyond hydrogen such as battery electric, renewable fuels, and carbon capture for mobile applications. In a sector with several competing alternatives emerging as next generation haulage, it is important to consider and optimize every step in the hydrogen life cycle from production to pump. Examples will be shared to demonstrate how to develop key inputs for a cost benefit technoeconomic assessment, recognizing sensitivities to assumptions that have a material impact on the fuel’s carbon intensity and levelized cost. Technologies like hydrogen dual fuel can help first adopters reduce emissions while developing the infrastructure required to establish a national fueling network. This will provide the necessary runway for hydrogen fuel cell technology developers to advance their technology solutions such that they can meet the cost and range requirements expected by the industry. The presentation also pays attention to the challenges and opportunities associated with “changing the game” in a well-established sector and the need to broadly engage stakeholders as part of the innovation journey bridging gaps between major players across the value chain. Opportunities associated with regional partnerships will be discussed. Significant economic value can be leveraged from bringing together industry alliances that are designed to collaboratively develop the supply chains, logistics, and infrastructure required to enable hydrogen as a transportation fuel. Research and analysis have outlined the importance of being a leader in this field in order to acquire market share. This presentation offers a perspective and approach in which analytical rigor and technoeconomic insights can help inform and shape decision-making.

Billy  Rideout 300x300.jpg
Billy Rideout CEO Exergy Solutions
  • 11 00 AM

Development of a Pulsed Methane Pyrolysis Reactor for Hydrogen Production

Production

Industrial Hydrogen markets are dominated by upgrading, petroleum refining and ammonia production. Steam methane reforming (SMR) is the current industry standard and lowest cost option for large-sc...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Development of a Pulsed Methane Pyrolysis Reactor for Hydrogen Production

  • pr-alarm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Industrial Hydrogen markets are dominated by upgrading, petroleum refining and ammonia production. Steam methane reforming (SMR) is the current industry standard and lowest cost option for large-scale H2 production but generates substantial GHG emissions, which are costly to mitigate using CCS. By contrast, green H2 solutions using electrolysis are attractive for their ultra-low emissions, but are energy intensive and expensive. This paper will highlight the development and validation of a scaled, methane pyrolysis solution that delivers decarbonized H2 at costs on par with current industry practices and provides a pathway for scaling up clean H2 solutions worldwide. Ekona’s novel pulsed methane pyrolysis (PMP) solution converts NG into H2 and solid carbon with virtually no CO2 emissions. The pyrolysis reactor uses pulsed-combustion and high-speed gas dynamics to thermally crack methane. This disruptive solution is low-cost, scalable and solves carbon fouling issues that plague other strategies. The PMP reactor can be integrated with industry-standard balance of plant for H2 purification and carbon separation, simplifying industrial process integration. Since the PMP produces solid carbon, siting is not reliant on CCS infrastructure. Moreover, since water is not required, the PMP can be located wherever NG infrastructure exists. Ekona’s PMP produces industrial H2 at costs comparable to incumbent SMRs, while reducing GHG emissions by 90%. Ekona has completed testing of a proof-of-concept (PoC) reactor. The PoC test rig incorporated electric heating and single-batch operation in a laboratory-scale test article. PoC test results confirmed fundament design principles and physics and validated concurrent modelling. Leveraging this success, Ekona is presently executing a 3-phase technology development project that will (a) build and test a prototype 200kg/day H2 PMP reactor, (b) assemble a PMP brassboard system to evaluate process integration and (c) commission a fully integrated PMP system. This presentation will review the design methodology and results of steps (a) and (b). Scale up of the PoC system began in early 2021 leveraging a rapid batch architecture whereby the reactor would be fed by heated feedstock whose temperature is elevated further through use of side-mounted combustors. Said combustors inject hot products into the reactor to provide the additional heat of reaction to complete pyrolysis. Extensive chemical kinetic modelling and Computational Fluid Dynamics were leveraged to guide the design re requisite mixing schemes, optimal fluid dynamics to ensure efficient combustor usage and filling/purging cycles, quantify requisite operating conditions and predict both hydrogen and carbon yields including soot morphology. After system tuning, it was found that actual hydrogen and carbon yields were commensurate with model predictions to enable validation of the scale up methodology but more importantly, it permitted verification of calibrated design tools for further scale up to more commercial sizes for eventual product deployment.

Donald Kendrick.jpg
Donald Kendrick CTO Ekona Power Inc.
  • 11 00 AM

Leveraging Advancements in Pipeline Monitoring for Hydrogen Transportation

Transport and Storage

Advancements in sensor technology and artificial intelligence (AI) have enabled significant evolution in asset integrity monitoring capabilities, perhaps most notably in the area of pipeline leak d...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Leveraging Advancements in Pipeline Monitoring for Hydrogen Transportation

  • pr-alarm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Advancements in sensor technology and artificial intelligence (AI) have enabled significant evolution in asset integrity monitoring capabilities, perhaps most notably in the area of pipeline leak detection and integrity management. Combining the exceptional sensitivity and lightspeed transmission capabilities of distributed fiber optic sensing (DFOS) with the analytical horsepower of the latest machine learning (ML) strategies allows pipeline operators to accurately detect and characterize even minute integrity events (like pinhole leaks) in real-time, regardless of when or where these occur within their vast asset networks. Due to the above, DFOS has experienced strong commercial growth in the traditional oil & gas midstream sector; however, there are several key considerations expected to influence its adoption and operational effectiveness for the pipeline transportation of hydrogen. This presentation will describe advances in machine learning-based leak detection and integrity monitoring, as well as cutting edge application of AI & ML tools for event simulation (leveraging ‘deep fake’ models), and multi-source data fusion for enhanced protection and performance of critical pipeline assets. Practical extension of DFOS systems and the noted advances to hydrogen pipelines will be discussed, with a focus on the drivers (including the product-agnostic nature of fiber optic sensing and its inherent ability to support stringent regulatory and reporting standards via the provision of rich data sets and advanced analytics) as well as the challenges (including consideration of hydrogen’s unique properties in the development of supporting algorithms and the technoeconomic implications of leveraging DFOS for the repurposing of existing pipelines for hydrogen transport) that will collectively determine the real-world potential of DFOS to meaningfully support the energy transition. A robust approach to pipeline integrity management employs multiple orthogonal algorithms which aim to identify specific events ? leaks serve as excellent examples - using independent methods. Both Supervised and Unsupervised Learning approaches, as well as the underpinning Neural Networks, will be discussed in the context of simulation and characterization of event signatures during both baselining and subsequent operational monitoring of pipeline assets. Factors unique to hydrogen (and CCUS) pipelines that must be considered in the development and application of these algorithms will be reviewed, including, for example, the impact of a varying Joule-Thomson effect on interpretation of thermal events associated with hydrogen leaks. In addition to the noted innovation in pipeline monitoring, the presentation will also touch on the technical and economic considerations associated with the development ?" or repurposing ?" of grid-scale pipeline infrastructure for hydrogen transport, with the goal of providing novel insight regarding technology solutions to address anticipated regulatory and societal concerns as hydrogen moves rapidly into our cities and homes.

Mike Hooper 300x300.jpg
Mike Hooper Director, Business Development Hifi Engineering
  • 11 00 AM

A Strategy Assessment to Decarbonize Road Transport in Alberta

End User

Objectives/Scope: This study assesses strategies to decarbonize road transport in Alberta, including carbon pricing, zero-emission vehicle mandates, and zero-emission vehicle incentives. The object...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
tuesday April 25, 2023
End User

A Strategy Assessment to Decarbonize Road Transport in Alberta

  • pr-alarm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Objectives/Scope: This study assesses strategies to decarbonize road transport in Alberta, including carbon pricing, zero-emission vehicle mandates, and zero-emission vehicle incentives. The objective is to analyze and compare these strategies' effects on vehicle shares, energy demand, greenhouse gas emissions, and transport costs by 2050. The analysis considers the impacts on the province-wide energy system: quantifying all direct and indirect energy system impacts. Methods, Procedures, Process: The road transport sector and indirect energy sectors are modelled using a first principles modelling approach. The sector comprises 10 vehicle categories: cars, sport-utility vehicles, pickup trucks, vans, school buses, intercity transit buses, urban transit buses, light freight, medium freight, and heavy freight. The province-wide analysis includes a complete energy supply chain analysis, with the upstream energy and emissions associated with each fuel, including resource extraction, conversion, transmission & distribution, and fuelling. Alternative electricity and hydrogen supply systems are evaluated, such as grids with different levels of renewable electricity and hydrogen production with carbon capture and sequestration through steam methane reforming and autothermal reforming. Results, Observations, and Conclusions: Carbon prices and zero-carbon vehicle incentives do not significantly impact the province's vehicle shares or greenhouse gas emissions between now and 2050. Zero-emission vehicle mandates are needed to have a significant effect. The emission factors for hydrogen fuel cell and battery electric vehicles are significantly below conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles in all alternative electricity and hydrogen supply systems. Novel/Additive Information: To the best of our knowledge, it is the first study that considers hydrogen production by auto-thermal reforming with carbon capture in a long-term greenhouse gas emissions analysis. We analyzed provincial market share, vehicle costs, energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions from different scenarios. We believe this to be the most comprehensive analysis of the road transport sector. We provide insights for policymakers and consumers.

Minza Haider 300x300
Minza Haider Graduate Student University of Alberta
  • 11 30 AM

A Novel Approach to Hydrogen Production: ATR + Electrolysis

Production

In auto-thermal reforming for hydrogen production, methane is partially oxidized by pure oxygen. The resulting heat from this process then drives an endothermic steam reforming reaction. Convention...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

A Novel Approach to Hydrogen Production: ATR + Electrolysis

  • pr-alarm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

In auto-thermal reforming for hydrogen production, methane is partially oxidized by pure oxygen. The resulting heat from this process then drives an endothermic steam reforming reaction. Conventional ATR process design includes an Air Separation Unit (ASU) to generate inlet oxygen stream for autothermal reforming process. ATR enables high carbon capture rate for blue hydrogen production, but ASU is capital and energy intensive. For this reason, ATR typically would require larger scale to achieve economical scale. The proposed approach considers hydrogen generation via a combined electrolysis and ATR system. The electrolysis process splits the water into hydrogen and oxygen molecules. The generated oxygen and hydrogen gases are collected at the electrolyzers as separate gases. The produced oxygen is collected for use and compressed to be sent to the ATR. For a 200 TPD hydrogen plant with the combined approach, there would be 60 TPD from electrolysis and the balance from ATR. The combined approach utilizes “free” oxygen from electrolysis as feedstock to ATR and therefore eliminates capital and energy consumption associated with ASU. It also offers feedstock flexibility and optimization opportunity to meet target carbon intensity (CI). In an area where hydrogen demand is developing, the combined approach provides opportunities for a phased approach. The electrolysis could start first to meet immediate demand while waiting for the market to catch up. TC Energy is developing a project using the combined ATR + electrolysis with a phased approach. A project update will be provided as part of the presentation.

Yun Bai 300x300.jpg
Yun Bai Senior Technical Specialist TC Energy
Matt Moshier 300x300.jpg
Matt Moshier Senior Project Manager- Energy Development TC Energy
  • 11 30 AM

The Sensitivity of Hydrogen Transport Systems to Equation of State

Transport and Storage

Thermophysical property data for pure hydrogen and its related mixtures is essential to the design of process equipment required for production, liquefaction, storage, and transport. The selection...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

The Sensitivity of Hydrogen Transport Systems to Equation of State

  • pr-alarm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Thermophysical property data for pure hydrogen and its related mixtures is essential to the design of process equipment required for production, liquefaction, storage, and transport. The selection of equation of state is imperative for proper H2 system design. This presentation will present two case studies highlighting the challenges of using commonly available equations of state (i.e., PR78, SRK, GERG2008) and how the lack of data of hydrogen mixtures necessitates the overdesign of gas/liquid handling facilities. The first case study will investigate the sensitivity of liquid H2 boil-off gas to unloading system design and the impact the choice of EOS has on vapour-liquid equilibrium prediction. The outcome will quantify the relative uncertainties to be anticipated in system design based on common EOSs using commercial process simulator software. The second case study will review the first phase of a joint industry-academia research project Wood is supporting that seeks to better understand the limitations of current EOSs in predicting the properties of hydrogen natural gas mixtures. Findings from the liquid H2 unloading study indicate that the GERG2008 and PR78A are in better agreement. The CPA EOS overpredicts the boil off rates of gas formed in the flowline. Consequences of overpredicting the gas boil-off rates may lead to over design of the vapour handling systems associated with the liquid H2 unloading system. Preliminary findings from the joint industry-academia research project into thermodynamic properties of hydrogen natural gas mixtures indicate the EOS accuracy is insufficient for reliable mass flow metering (within 1%). Further, a dearth of data, large deviations, and lower model performance has generally been observed for transport properties. The viscosity and thermal conductivity predictions can exceed 25% deviation. Deviation on this order, when coupled with density prediction errors, can lead to pressure drop prediction errors greater than 5%. This work discussed here presents some of the first investigations into the quality of the data and models available for the design of hydrogen-containing transport systems that rely on accurate predictions of the thermodynamic and transport properties. This work is in its infancy but will be essential for the reliable design for hydrogen transport system in support of global decarbonisation goals.

Dr. Erickson 300x300.jpg
Dale Erickson Technical Authority and Technology Development Lead Wood PLC
  • 11 30 AM

Hydrogen use for Decarbonizing Natural Gas Systems

End User

In the race to transform and green our energy systems, hydrogen blending is growing at an exponential rate. Greener hydrogen blended with natural gas can deliver cleaner, zero-emission energy for i...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
End User

Hydrogen use for Decarbonizing Natural Gas Systems

  • pr-alarm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

In the race to transform and green our energy systems, hydrogen blending is growing at an exponential rate. Greener hydrogen blended with natural gas can deliver cleaner, zero-emission energy for industry, commercial, and household uses. This presentation provides the results of two recent • global studies that provide a comprehensive review of over 100 projects and hundreds of technical and research papers addressing technical and other challenges in blending. The presentation will provide the state of the art regarding current blending challenges and the extensive work that is being done to address these challenges. Both studies were led by the author with a team of experts collaborating with dozens of subject matter experts from many global and North American utility companies and research organizations.

Fred Taylor 300x300.jpg
Fred Taylor Principal GHD
  • 12 00 PM
Lunch Break & Visit Exhibition
  • 1 30 PM

Remove Barriers to Scale up Clean Hydrogen to Meet Demand

Environment and Trade

The hydrogen market is forecasted to grow globally one thousand-fold by 2040, with demand for clean hydrogen projected to reach 500 million tonnes a year between now and 2050. Low carbon hydrogen h...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Environment and Trade

Remove Barriers to Scale up Clean Hydrogen to Meet Demand

  • pr-alarm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

The hydrogen market is forecasted to grow globally one thousand-fold by 2040, with demand for clean hydrogen projected to reach 500 million tonnes a year between now and 2050. Low carbon hydrogen has the potential to decarbonise chemical, cement, iron and steel production and provide combined heat and power from a single source. Hydrogen will enable surplus energy from other sources to be stored and circulated across sectors and regions, creating a circular economy of renewable energy where wasted energy is continually recycled into power. It’s also a prime electrofuel, to rapidly decarbonise sectors such as shipping and aviation. And crucially, hydrogen can provide renewable fuel for sectors from freight transport and shipping, where unsuitable for direct electrification.

The international climate agreements have kicked off a high demand for clean hydrogen. Significant government funding since 2020 have accelerated this demand. Finally, new strategies and investment announcements of major high emitting industries, like oil & gas, chemicals and transport as well as the financing industry are boosting that demand.

This has resulted in a growing gap between supply and demand, with the world needing 10 times more projects and investments into green and blue hydrogen as per today. This is driving increasing demand for more competitive levelised cost of hydrogen and its derivatives, to encourage the necessary investment in extra capacity.

But, how to implement complex long term investment projects in an environment of high uncertainty?

This presentation will discuss the importance of the pace of implementation, techno-economics decision making in an uncertain world, and cost synergies required to enable a seamless integration of diverse projects, partners, people, and processes.

Kelly-Newnham-300x300
Kelly Newnham Senior Vice President Onshore Hydrocarbons Worley
  • 1 30 PM

Accelerating the Adoption of Zero-emission Heavy Duty Fuel Cell

Transport and Storage

Fuel cells are an established, mature zero-emissions technology for heavy duty powertrains and their value for bus and truck applications is being recognized with growing investments by industry le...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Accelerating the Adoption of Zero-emission Heavy Duty Fuel Cell

  • pr-alarm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Fuel cells are an established, mature zero-emissions technology for heavy duty powertrains and their value for bus and truck applications is being recognized with growing investments by industry leading original equipment manufacturers. It’s clear that hydrogen will be a key player in the decarbonization of the heavy-duty transportation sector. Hydrogen fuel cell technology has come a long way from the early days. The technology has accumulated significant operational, reliability, and durability data through commercial operation in fleets. Over 3,600 Ballard-powered fuel cell buses and trucks are deployed today. To date, commercial trucks and buses with Ballard fuel cell technology inside have travelled more than 100 million kilometres on the road. However, the adoption of fuel cell heavy duty vehicles is still limited considering there are millions of buses and trucks on the road with a growing contribution to GHG emission. Barriers to adoption include technology cost, availability and affordability of hydrogen and its infrastructure as well as limited number of hydrogen truck platforms available today. Furthermore, hydrogen fuel cell is not the magic bullet which will allow us to immediately transition from internal combustion engines to zero emission vehicles. We are going to need a combination of technologies including batteries to achieve the ambitious goal to be carbon neutral by 2050 in Canada. Therefore a use case approach is more suitable focusing efforts on applications where hydrogen is most suitable. In this session, we will look at a Total Cost of Utilization (TCU) driven approach with fleet operator could accelerate initial adoption. We will look at the case of transit bus and heavy duty truck to better understand the use cases where hydrogen powered vehicles deliver the most value to customers. We will also look at concrete step that Ballard is taking to improve TCU through technology innovation, hydrogen energy systems integration and partnerships with vehicle integrators. Through this session, you will gain a deeper understanding of Ballard’s technology and partnership roadmap to accelerate adoption of hydrogen for heavy duty mobility. Within this decade fuel cell heavy duty vehicles will offer the most attractive TCU compared to battery electric vehicle or an internal combustion engine vehicle for specific applications.

Nicolas Pocard 300x300
Nicolas Pocard Vice President, Marketing and Strategic Partnerships Ballard Power Systems Inc.
  • 1 30 PM

Svante's Commitment to a NetZero Economy by 2050

Production

Human society is facing a global carbon-climate crisis. We are emitting more CO2 and other GHGs than the Earth’s forests, oceans, and other natural systems can absorb. The consequences are increasi...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Svante's Commitment to a NetZero Economy by 2050

  • pr-alarm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Human society is facing a global carbon-climate crisis. We are emitting more CO2 and other GHGs than the Earth’s forests, oceans, and other natural systems can absorb. The consequences are increasingly evident, well documented, and dire. To fight the challenge ahead, we must move quickly to retool the carbon-based global economy of the past 150 years. Svante offers companies in emissions-intensive industries a viable way to capture large-scale CO2 emissions from existing infrastructure, either for safe storage or to be used for further industrial use in a closed loop. With the ability to capture CO2 directly from industrial sources at less than half the capital cost of existing solutions, Svante makes industrial-scale carbon capture a reality. Svante’s technology is currently being deployed in the field at pilot plant-scale by industry leaders in the energy and cement manufacturing sectors. The CO2MENT Pilot Plant Project - a partnership between Lafarge (Holcim) and TOTAL Energies is operating a 1 tonne per day (TPD) plant in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada that will re-inject captured CO2 into concrete, while the construction and commissioning of a 30 TPD demonstration plant was completed in 2019 at an industrial facility in Lloydminster, Saskatchewan, Canada. A 25 TPD demonstration plant is currently under design and construction (instead: being commissioned) at Chevron U.S.A. located near Bakersfield, California. In addition, several feasibility studies for commercial scale carbon capture projects ranging from 500 to 4,500 TPD are underway in North America and Europe.

Brett Henkel 300x300
Brett Henkel Co-Founder & VP, Strategic Accounts & Government Affairs Svante Inc.
  • 2 00 PM

Methane Pyrolysis Lifecycle Assessment

Environment and Trade

Methane Pyrolysis Lifecycle Assessment Hycamite TCD Technologies is a company based in Kokkola, Finland that has developed the technology to produce clean hydrogen and valuable solid carbon. This...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Environment and Trade

Methane Pyrolysis Lifecycle Assessment

  • pr-alarm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Methane Pyrolysis Lifecycle Assessment Hycamite TCD Technologies is a company based in Kokkola, Finland that has developed the technology to produce clean hydrogen and valuable solid carbon. This is achieved by splitting methane from natural gas and biogas via thermocatalytic decomposition (TCD), which is a form of methane pyrolysis that utilizes catalysts. The scope of this abstract is to highlight the potential of combusting hydrogen, produced from methane pyrolysis, to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the maritime industry. The solid carbon formed in the process can also be used to reduce GHG emissions from the battery industry. It should be noted that the results from each of these research studies did not allocate the emissions to two products thus the final results are lower than what has been presented in this abstract. In the spring of 2022, a literature review was conducted for Hycamite on the well-to-tank (WTT) lifecycle assessment (LCA) (based on the ISO 14040 standard) of liquid natural gas (LNG) used in the maritime industry. The practical part of the LCA included a tank-to-well (TTW) analysis on how blending hydrogen with LNG reduces the GHG emissions from this industry. This was completed as a master’s thesis research. Results from the study showed that, if 100% hydrogen is combusted, it has the potential to reduce emissions from the whole lifecycle by up to 68%. This is close to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) 2050 target of 70% CO2 emissions reduction. When only emissions emitted from the ship are considered then emissions can be reduced by up to 100%. The research further concluded that there is potential for onboard hydrogen production, via the TCD process, by using the existing bunkering LNG infrastructure. A second master’s thesis research was conducted in the summer of 2021 on the carbon footprint of the solid carbon produced from the TCD process of methane. The emission factor was calculated on the basis of a report by Gasum Oy, where ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 standards were used to calculate the results. The final results revealed that the carbon footprint of the carbon was approximately 0.882 kg CO2eq/kg C. There is increasing pressure in the maritime industrial regulations to decrease CO2eq emissions. It is imperative that the use of conventional fuels such as LNG is reduced and the use of alternative fuels and technologies (such as hydrogen from methane pyrolysis) is taken up. The solid carbon co-product from methane pyrolysis can also be used to decarbonize various industries, such as the battery and cement industries.

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Salla-Mari Marttinen Sustainability & Regulatory Analyst Hycamite TCD Technologies Ltd
  • 2 00 PM

Hydrogen Odorization: Application Challenges, Novel Solutions, and Field Demonstration Opportunities

Transport and Storage

As the world looks to decarbonize, hydrogen has emerged as an important new fuel that will play a significant role in the energy transition. Pipeline companies that need to safely transport pure h...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Hydrogen Odorization: Application Challenges, Novel Solutions, and Field Demonstration Opportunities

  • pr-alarm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

As the world looks to decarbonize, hydrogen has emerged as an important new fuel that will play a significant role in the energy transition. Pipeline companies that need to safely transport pure hydrogen near populated areas will require odorants to be added to the hydrogen stream in accordance with federal regulations, however the odorants that have typically been used for dosing natural gas streams are sulfur-containing. This is not problematic if the hydrogen is going to be used in combustion applications in place of methane, but if the hydrogen is to be used in fuel cell applications the presence of sulfur will have a negative effect on the health of the fuel cells. As a result ? new odorants are needed that do not contain sulfur, have a suitable olfactory impact, and can diffuse fast enough to “keep up” with the hydrogen diffusion front in the event of a release. By applying fundamentals of gas odorization, Enersol has identified several non-sulfur odorant compositions that are expected to perform across the various dimensions of the hydrogen odorization application, and Spartan Controls has evaluated the compatibility of these odorant compositions with our IOTA-PI odorant injection solution in a hydrogen odorization application. This presentation will provide an overview of Enersol’s analysis of hydrogen odorants, and an overview of the IOTA-PI odorization solution.

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Ryan McKimmie Business Development, Industry Applications Spartan Controls Ltd.
  • 2 00 PM

Ontario's Largest Electrolysis System - The Niagara Hydrogen Centre

Production

Atura’s objective is to be the leader in low-cost, clean hydrogen production in Ontario starting with the 20MW Niagara Hydrogen Centre (NHC), the largest electrolysis system in Ontario, and second...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Ontario's Largest Electrolysis System - The Niagara Hydrogen Centre

  • pr-alarm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Atura’s objective is to be the leader in low-cost, clean hydrogen production in Ontario starting with the 20MW Niagara Hydrogen Centre (NHC), the largest electrolysis system in Ontario, and second of its size in Canada.

Atura will advance beyond this initial commercial development project to develop multiple hydrogen production hubs within the province, acting as a catalyst for broader industry decarbonization. Atura’s Strategy for leading the clean hydrogen production sector in Ontario is to leverage existing energy infrastructure assets, access to the low-carbon Ontario electricity grid and utilize the requisite project development skillset to identify and develop large scale, collocated production projects with heavy emitting industry counterparties, thereby accelerating and solidifying the clean hydrogen economy in Ontario.

The Niagara Hydrogen Centre proposes to support the Ontario low-carbon electricity grid in the form of grid regulation services; this strategy is an innovative application for hydrogen electrolysis which couples the efficient production of clean hydrogen, as powered directly by the adjacent hydroelectric generating station, with the provision of these ancillary services; taken together, this project proposes to produce hydrogen with the lowest carbon intensity possible, via run-of-the-river hydroelectricity, in addition to supporting that same hydroelectric generating station in maintaining optimal efficiency, while also ensuring that the Ontario low-carbon electricity grid is balanced in real time.

The focus of this session will include a technical overview of the plant design and key design decisions, considerations on evaluating and managing the dynamic nature of the input electricity signal, and development hurdles and lessons learned.

Christopher Penny 300x300.jpg
Christopher Penny Manager of Hydrogen Projects Atura Power
  • 2 30 PM
Coffee Break & Visit Exhibition
  • 3 00 PM

Hydrogen as an Alberta Export Opportunity: Gap Analysis

Environment and Trade

Hydrogen is currently being explored as a global low carbon fuel commodity for a variety of novel end-uses to replace fossil-fuel alternatives. Currently, in Alberta and elsewhere, hydrogen is trad...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Environment and Trade

Hydrogen as an Alberta Export Opportunity: Gap Analysis

  • pr-alarm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Hydrogen is currently being explored as a global low carbon fuel commodity for a variety of novel end-uses to replace fossil-fuel alternatives. Currently, in Alberta and elsewhere, hydrogen is traded mainly as compressed gas over land, for traditional industrial uses, and is not traded at the scale of a global commodity. Hydrogen in the form of a cryogenic liquid, or in the form of carriers such as ammonia, is being considered for overseas export to replace fossil fuels. This paper will explore opportunities and challenges for hydrogen and its potential carriers for export as a global commodity for transportation and power end-uses, with a particular focus on informing Alberta’s investment landscape over the next decade. Ultimately, the aim of this assessment is to demonstrate the trade-offs that must be considered between carbon intensity, energy delivery efficiency, and cost, as Alberta and other jurisdictions seek to replace traditional fossil fuels with hydrogen and its carriers to meet net zero goals. In this paper, we examine a series of cases pertinent to Alberta, within two high level boundary cases: (1) export of product produced in Alberta for end use in transportation applications in Asia-Pacific; and (2) export of product produced in Alberta for power generation applications in Asia-Pacific. We will provide a basic comparison of hydrogen and its carriers in terms of energy density, safety & toxicity, by-products of combustion, by-products of end-use, current commodity cost, and logistics of transportation. We will then calculate and provide a case-by-case, well-to-tank and/or well to plant analysis of key metrics, including: lifecycle carbon intensity, ultimate energy delivery efficiency, and cost. We will use this analysis to identify gaps in technology and data availability. We expect this analysis could lead to follow-on work to accelerate adoption of hydrogen and hydrogen-carrier technologies, such as comparison to other jurisdictions; and ultimately, may be used to enhance Alberta’s competitiveness in the context of a net zero global economy.

Grace Meikle 300x300.jpg
Grace Meikle Technology Strategy Lead Emissions Reduction Alberta
  • 3 00 PM

Virtual Pipeline Hydrogen Supply

Transport and Storage

Transportation Supply Chain: Immediate and long-term hydrogen use as a fuel source to help industries reach their net zero initiatives is inevitable - consumption is steadily increasing with contin...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Virtual Pipeline Hydrogen Supply

  • pr-alarm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Transportation Supply Chain: Immediate and long-term hydrogen use as a fuel source to help industries reach their net zero initiatives is inevitable - consumption is steadily increasing with continual market adoption. The increase in demand has revealed several challenges in the hydrogen supply chain, with specific emphasis on access and effective distribution. Existing gas grids either cannot support or have not yet been shown to support gaseous or liquid hydrogen distribution ?" either as a pure product or as a blended product. Given this reality, hydrogen must be transported from the production location to the end-user location via methods that do not rely on pipelines. Methods include transporting liquid or gaseous hydrogen via ships, high-pressure tube trailers (virtual pipeline), rail, or alternative hydrogen carriers (i.e., ammonia, or methanol). Without meaningful progress in distribution, decarbonization efforts can only progress so far and so quickly. Certarus Ltd. will detail their virtual pipeline solution for safe and reliable transportation of hydrogen. The discussion will focus on how effective virtual pipeline distribution is with current applications and any unresolved or significant challenges currently faced. The main points that will be addressed are: • Are there too few transportation methods with too much demand based on current and future hydrogen projects? • If hydrogen demand increases as projected, is there enough equipment available in the market today to distribute it? • How can hydrogen be incentivized as a cost competitive low-carbon fuel source in North America?

Kaitlyn Gammon 300x300.jpg
Kaitlyn Gammon Project Manager Certarus Ltd.
  • 3 00 PM

Reducing the Cost of Carbon Capture of ATR Blue Hydrogen

Production

Blue hydrogen continues to play a critical role as a fuel source in both government and corporate strategies for achieving net zero emission targets. Reforming technologies are a proven economic a...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Reducing the Cost of Carbon Capture of ATR Blue Hydrogen

  • pr-alarm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Blue hydrogen continues to play a critical role as a fuel source in both government and corporate strategies for achieving net zero emission targets. Reforming technologies are a proven economic and scalable solution for hydrogen production, provided that an attractive carbon removal strategy is used to minimize fuel carbon intensity and deliver a sustainable approach to hydrogen production. Producers will realize a competitive advantage where technologies and process schemes are selected that reduce the high energy and utility costs associated with carbon capture. The application of large-scale auto-thermal reforming (ATR) hydrogen production coupled with the most recent advances in carbon capture technology can provide one of the most competitive means of producing low carbon blue hydrogen. Commercially competitive carbon capture technologies will be evaluated and compared for blue hydrogen process schemes through a techno-economic analysis. Specific examples will be presented with a focus on the cost of production and resulting carbon intensity of the blue hydrogen product.

Matthew Gutscher 300x300
Matthew Gutscher Principal Process Engineer Fluor Canada
  • 3 30 PM

Legacy Energy and Alternative Power: A Wholistic, Sovereign, Intergenerational Plan

Environment and Trade

Alberta possesses a unique combination of legacy energy sources (conventional oil and gas) and renewable energy. For decades, First Nations communities such as Frog Lake First Nations (FLFNs) have...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Environment and Trade

Legacy Energy and Alternative Power: A Wholistic, Sovereign, Intergenerational Plan

  • pr-alarm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Alberta possesses a unique combination of legacy energy sources (conventional oil and gas) and renewable energy. For decades, First Nations communities such as Frog Lake First Nations (FLFNs) have relied on oil and gas extraction for income and employment. As these resources are consumed and the globe focuses on sustainable energy, their economic incomes must be replaced and the impacted lands and waters must be remediated for the benefit of future generations. Alongside this activity, Indigenous communities seek to be the corporation developing sustainable energy solutions. To this end, FLFNs has a multi-generational plan to develop and share green solutions to enhance all Indigenous people’s quality of life. Central to this plan is the Legacy Energy and Alternative Power (LEAP) strategy, and associated corporate body. Low carbon hydrogen is the heart of the LEAP master plan which focuses on community education, training and advancing research and development on promising new technologies that leverage abandoned oil wells, industrial grey water, and cutting-edge renewable power plants and technologies for the production of green, electrolytic hydrogen. Central to the community hydrogen strategy is a focus on developing relationships, partnerships, joint ventures, and projects that position First Nations as leaders in the energy transition. FLFNs’ approach has attracted over two dozen international, national, and regional firms and institutions to help co-design, build, finance, and realize Indigenous-led green energy capacity. Simply put, FLFNs’ approach integrates Indigenous and Western knowledge to advance sovereignty and reconciliation, and clears crucial barriers to hydrogen innovation. Renewable power and hydrogen production are simply the first steps. Together they enable key community priorities such as fuel cell buses, a community micro-grid network, and food sovereignty via hemp production, vertical farming, and green building technologies. These innovations will be amplified through FLFNs’ regional partnerships with Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities. Knowledge and technology transfer to and from the community is also a key pillar of LEAP. Public institutions such as the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) and private sector companies are key partners to develop applied research solutions, training, lifelong integrated learning, and community hydrogen education. The funding leverage for collaborative projects between Frog Lake, corporations and SAIT are key to developing and implementing the LEAP plan. Collaborative projects between Industrial, institutional, and financial partners will continue to underpin the LEAP strategy. This presentation will outline the 14-point LEAP plan and highlight opportunities for collaboration with diverse private and public sector allies.

Clifford Cross 300x300.jpg
Cliffton Cross Council Member Frog Lake First Nations
  • 3 30 PM

Quantitative Consequence Assessment of Hydrogen-containing Pipelines

Transport and Storage

The quantitative assessment of the consequences of pipeline rupture is well-established and validated technique for assessing the safety of pipelines carrying natural gas and conventional liquid hy...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Quantitative Consequence Assessment of Hydrogen-containing Pipelines

  • pr-alarm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

The quantitative assessment of the consequences of pipeline rupture is well-established and validated technique for assessing the safety of pipelines carrying natural gas and conventional liquid hydrocarbons; however, the consequences of large pipelines carrying hydrogen (or hydrogen-natural gas blends) are still highly uncertain. There are several characteristic properties of hydrogen causing this uncertainty: relatively high ignitability, significant flame propagation speed, buoyancy, and sonic velocity All of these are a significant shift from the familiar qualities of natural gas. This presentation will discuss the ongoing work at C-FER Technologies to characterize the consequences of failures involving hydrogen by adapting existing quantitative assessment models. It will include an explanation of alterations to inputs and models for hydrogen service and identify key knowledge gaps, with recommendations for how industry may proceed to address them.

Steven Middleton 300x300.jpg
Steven Middleton Researcher CFER Technologies Inc.
  • 3 30 PM

SnMR for Clean Hydrogen Production

Production

Objective / Scope: Proteum Energy™ produces clean hydrogen from any natural gas liquid (residue gas blends preferably with ethane) and oxygenated hydrocarbon (methanol or ethanol) using its propri...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

SnMR for Clean Hydrogen Production

  • pr-alarm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Objective / Scope: Proteum Energy™ produces clean hydrogen from any natural gas liquid (residue gas blends preferably with ethane) and oxygenated hydrocarbon (methanol or ethanol) using its proprietary Steam Non-Methane Reformation (SnMR™) process. The modular and scalable system (15-150 TPD) produces clean hydrogen at an operational cost and CAPEX cost/kg that is competitive with conventional steam methane reformation, but with a lower produced hydrogen carbon intensity (CI). By integrating off-the-shelf optional processing modules, system product gas mix can be varied according to site requirements with products ranging from fuel cell grade hydrogen only to combinations of hydrogen, methane, and CO2, including hydrogen-methane rich designer fuels tailored to meet Wobbe Index, Methane Number, and heating value requirements. Methods / Procedures / Process: Rather than using methane as a feedstock, the system utilizes lower-value hydrocarbons including stranded or rejected ethane to produce hydrogen, methane, and designer fuels. The lower-cost feedstock in combination with reduced energy requirements allows Proteum to produce clean hydrogen at low cost. Integrating the proprietary SnMR™ technology with off-the-shelf ancillary process modules, like amine systems for CO2 removal, PSAs for H2 removal, and SNG modules for pipeline quality methane production enables Proteum’s system to be adapted for many use platforms. Examples of these Platforms are 1) direct pipeline hydrogen injection, 2) SAE J2719 fuel cell grade transportation hydrogen production, and 3) direct hydrogen fuel blending for turbines, reciprocating engines, or any gas-powered prime mover. Results / Observations / Conclusions / Novel Approach: Lower Cost and Carbon Intensity - Operating costs are lower than steam methane reforming (SMR and ATR) with lower CAPEX per kilogram. Carbon intensity (pre-CCS) produced clean hydrogen from ethane is approximately 57 gCO2e/MJ. The carbon intensity of produced hydrogen from ethanol is modeled at -46gCO2e/MJ for negative CI H2. Platform Flexibility: Reforms any non-methane hydrocarbon or oxygenated hydrocarbon to produce clean hydrogen, methane, and hydrogen-rich designer turbine fuel. Proteum’s system offers product gas flexibility ranging from ultra-low carbon fuel cell grade renewable hydrogen. Wobbe and Heat Index adjusted to meet exact specifications, including Load Following capability. Lower CAPEX / OPEX / kg: Truck-ready shop-built modular design. Standardized 306 stainless steel flange construction. Less than 1MW is required, per standard system, for site power. No need for purity grade water and recycled system water means lower water consumed than SMR and electrolysis. Lower Produced Hydrogen Carbon Intensity: Due to 1) fundamentally lower energy requirements, 2) low CI feedstock availability with methane as a co-product and, for renewable hydrogen production, and can utilize lower CI (80-100 proof ethanol beer cut) feedstock, 3) leveraged waste heat recovery 4) low power requirements and, 5) lower water consumption than either SMR or electrolysis.

Larry Tree 300x300.jpg
Larry Tree President & CEO Proteum Energy, LLC
  • 4 00 PM

The Reality of Green Hydrogen Supply to Meet Decarbonization Targets

Production

Many industries have committed to decarbonizing their value chain to meet 2030 and 2050 targets of keeping global temperatures below 2°C by switching from traditional fossil fuels to alternative fu...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

The Reality of Green Hydrogen Supply to Meet Decarbonization Targets

  • pr-alarm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Many industries have committed to decarbonizing their value chain to meet 2030 and 2050 targets of keeping global temperatures below 2°C by switching from traditional fossil fuels to alternative fuels such as biodiesel, renewable diesel, renewable natural gas, ammonia, hydrogen, and direct electrification. In the quest for zero emissions, biomass-based options may be less favored as their lifecycle carbon intensity can be higher than renewable electricity-based options such as direct electrification, green hydrogen, and green ammonia. Specifically, there has been an increase in interest for green hydrogen, mostly due to its ability to be used to a fuel (e.g., hydrogen vehicles), feedstock (e.g., refining), chemical carrier (e.g., ammonia), and reductant (e.g., steelmaking). Green hydrogen can be generated using water and renewable electricity from solar or wind through electrolysis, and unlike traditional production pathways such as natural gas reforming and, more recently biomass gasification, does not require a solution for carbon dioxide which is produced as a co-product in these processes. Many industries are depending on green hydrogen to reach their decarbonization targets, and the International Energy Agency (IEA) expects 130 Mt H2 to be required by 2030 under their announced ambitions and targets (APS) scenario. Canada has demand targets of 4 Mt H2 for 2030 and 20 Mt H2 for 2050. Comparing these scenarios with the status of green hydrogen projects that are currently under final stages of design, construction, commissioning or in operation, will highlight a gap between how much installed electrolyzer capacity is required in the future to meet our global net zero targets and how much is currently available. If the current rate of electrolyzer development is followed, there will not be enough capacity to reach Canada and IEA targets by 2030 and/or 2050. In other words, are we behind in our implementation of green hydrogen and can we get back on track? This presentation will assess the reality of green hydrogen supply and whether these targets are achievable based on the current rate of development. It highlights the heightened interest in green hydrogen, the gap between the forecasted supply and demand, and what actions are needed to ensure targets are met. The underlying factors that are contributing to the gap, including technology development, supply chain readiness, permitting, and financial requirements will be evaluated to identify actions that will accelerate the adoption of green hydrogen in the future.

Nancy Wang 300x300.jpg
Nancy Wang Climate Change Analyst Hatch
  • 4 00 PM

Decarbonizing The Transportation Industry Through Hydrogen Diesel Dual-Fuel

Transport and Storage

Diesel Tech Industries decarbonizes the transportation industry through its multi-port hydrogen dual-fuel injection system. After talking with numerous clients and partners, our solution provides a...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Transport and Storage

Decarbonizing The Transportation Industry Through Hydrogen Diesel Dual-Fuel

  • pr-alarm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Diesel Tech Industries decarbonizes the transportation industry through its multi-port hydrogen dual-fuel injection system. After talking with numerous clients and partners, our solution provides a dual-fuel hydrogen blending solution with our new proprietary multiport injection system, paired with our own full ECM integration and control system. The Guardian Hydrogen Diesel system will include fully integrated Guardian HDS hydrogen storage vessels. The onboard H2 storage vessels and mounting frame will be engineered to ensure the minimal amount of weight is added to the vehicle.

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Rebecca Goldsack COO Diesel Tech Industries
  • 4 00 PM

Green Hydrogen - High Yield Catalytic Methane Cracking

Production

A mass and energy balance (from commercial scale pilot plants) is provided for the production of low CI hydrogen from methane or biogas using a high performance catalytic process. Catalyst yield ac...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
tuesday April 25, 2023
Production

Green Hydrogen - High Yield Catalytic Methane Cracking

  • pr-alarm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

A mass and energy balance (from commercial scale pilot plants) is provided for the production of low CI hydrogen from methane or biogas using a high performance catalytic process. Catalyst yield achieved is 150 grams of high grade crystalline graphite per gram of catalyst, with the corresponding stoichiometric amounts of hydrogen. No by products are produced. Energy required to achieve reaction energy, gas purification, cooling, etc., is provided as a parasitic load of ~ 40% of produced hydrogen. 100% of the methane is cracked and converted to carbon and hydrogen. The process can use either biogas or pipeline natural gas and produces hydrogen from pipeline gas with a CI of less than 1 Kg-CO2/Kg H2 and a severely negative CI based on the source of the biogas.

Juzer Jangbarwala 300x300.jpg
Juzer Jangbarwala Chief Technologist - Water & Power Endeavour Energy, LLC
  • 8 00 AM
Registration Opens
  • 9 00 AM

Worley Presentation

End User

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Worley Presentation

  • pr-alarm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8
  • 9 00 AM

Canadian Hydrogen Market Study: A Framework for Companies and Governments

Environment and Trade

In the last year, the hydrogen industry in Canada has started to proliferate, gaining momentum globally. Canada is becoming a leader worldwide in hydrogen production and related technology developm...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Environment and Trade

Canadian Hydrogen Market Study: A Framework for Companies and Governments

  • pr-alarm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

In the last year, the hydrogen industry in Canada has started to proliferate, gaining momentum globally. Canada is becoming a leader worldwide in hydrogen production and related technology development. Regional strategies have been developed to promote a hydrogen economy across Canada, aiming to produce 20 Mt of hydrogen by 2050. The objective of this market study is to provide a state-of-the-art of the hydrogen industry in Canada for companies that are looking for investment and partnership opportunities as well as for governments. This study covers three fundamental aspects: first, an overview of the existing Federal and Provincial policies affecting the development of the hydrogen industry. Then, a classification of critical players in the Canadian hydrogen value chain, including potential end clients, project owners, upcoming projects, and research organizations. And finally, the main trends and most recent announcements on hydrogen in Canada, including challenges, developments, and future direction of the hydrogen economy. This was achieved by initially conducting a detailed review of the hydrogen strategies and roadmaps developed across the country and identifying the key aspects subject of this work. Later, an exhaustive literature review was conducted to classify the stakeholders depending on their role in the hydrogen sector. Finally, representative players identified were interviewed to understand their perspective on the direction of the hydrogen industry in Canada and the challenges, opportunities, and trends. The most relevant findings from this study are that hydrogen hubs are being formed around Vancouver, Edmonton, Calgary, and Toronto to promote the development of hydrogen fuel cells, electrolyzers, steam reforming, and carbon capture, utilization, and storage technologies. The corresponding provinces, British Columbia, Alberta, and Ontario, are leading the development of a hydrogen economy in their regions. Canadian businesses are collaborating mainly with Northern European and Chinese companies, and potential niches for future collaborations with other countries have also been identified in this report. To the extent of our knowledge, this Canadian hydrogen market study is the first of its kind that any company or country can use as a reference for establishing collaborations, partnerships, or investments with the hydrogen industry in Canada.

Elena Ezquerra Silva 300x300
Elena Ezquerra Silva Renewable Energy Analyst Solas Energy
  • 9 00 AM

Exploring the Latest Advancements in IoT Leak Detection

Production

Objectives/Scope This paper presents a case study in which a novel, IoT-based method for spontaneous leak detection was applied to crude oil production risers on a jack-up installation in the Gulf...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Exploring the Latest Advancements in IoT Leak Detection

  • pr-alarm9:00 AM - 9:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Objectives/Scope This paper presents a case study in which a novel, IoT-based method for spontaneous leak detection was applied to crude oil production risers on a jack-up installation in the Gulf of Mexico. The methodology combines proven negative pressure wave (NPW) sensing with advanced signal processing to determine both the presence and location of spontaneous leaks within seconds. The paper will describe the implementation process and present results since the solution came online. Methods, Procedures, Process NPW-based leak detection is a proven technique that has been in practice for decades. However, an oft-cited concern with the method is a high rate of false positives. The fluid flow within pipes is a highly dynamic environment. Detecting negative pressure waves caused by spontaneous leaks amidst the background “noise” has traditionally been a complex undertaking that requires the use of advanced signal processing and data filtering. The paper will discuss how advancements in analytics and cloud computing have helped address this issue, leading to a much lower incidence of false positives. Results, Observations, Conclusions In line with implementation process, a field test was conducted to determine feasibility and demonstrate the capabilities of the system to the operator. This included installing pressure sensors for three of the risers (nominal pressures ranging from 40-150 psi) at topside locations, along with topsides-mounted edge computing node to process leak data in real-time. Existing sensors on the subsea tree/manifold were used to provide pressure/temperature feeds to the topsides computing node, thus eliminating the need to install new subsea sensors. The pipelines were monitored for a period of two weeks, with topsides sensors sampling data at a rate of 1,000 times per second. During this period, spontaneous leaks (5-15 seconds in duration) were simulated on one of the lines by opening a small bore ¼ turn ball valve. In total, approximately 4.5 billion data points were captured and stored on portable computer running the leak detection system. Filters were developed to suppress pipeline pressure noise and to minimize system response to normal operation The entire system installation and commissioning was completed in one full day offshore. The system is currently undergoing the bedding in" process to verify performance. To date, no false positive leak events have been initiated. Novel/Additive Information Although the paper will focus on the application of enhance NPW-based sensing for offshore risers, the technique is applicable for virtually any applications, including long-distance transmission lines, gas gathering networks at well sites, or saltwater disposal systems (among others).

Speaker-Avatar-5 (1)
Darren Cooper Sales Account Manager Siemens Energy Canada Limited
  • 9 30 AM

Clean Hydrogen as a Decarbonization Opportunity for the Petrochemicals Industry

End User

The growing concern that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions are causing irreparable impacts on our planet’s climate has driven the development of policies and regulations to reduce emissions, a...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Clean Hydrogen as a Decarbonization Opportunity for the Petrochemicals Industry

  • pr-alarm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

The growing concern that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions are causing irreparable impacts on our planet’s climate has driven the development of policies and regulations to reduce emissions, and many industries are taking on the challenge of moving toward net-zero emissions. NOVA Chemicals has begun the decarbonization journey through an exploration of various technological pathways to support the decarbonization of their petrochemical facilities. Through the evolution of the NOVA Chemicals decarbonization roadmap, we’ve identified that a variety of technologies will be required to achieve net-zero, however clean hydrogen has emerged as one of the most promising pathways to reach net-zero within our facilities. The concept of converting our fuels to 100% clean hydrogen provides significant decarbonization potential, however discussions with key subject matter experts across our organization have also identified several existing hurdles that will require further technical innovation to support this fuel conversion. The objective of this presentation will be to describe both the opportunities and challenges of using clean hydrogen to support decarbonization of the petrochemicals industry.

Joanne Lake 300x300.jpg
Joanne Lake Engineer, Climate Solutions NOVA Chemicals
  • 9 30 AM

Blue Hydrogen & Net Zero Goals: An Environmental Case Study

Environment and Trade

To combat the effects of climate change, governments, the energy industry, and consumers globally have accepted that there is an urgent need to transition into cleaner sources of energy such as blu...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Environment and Trade

Blue Hydrogen & Net Zero Goals: An Environmental Case Study

  • pr-alarm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

To combat the effects of climate change, governments, the energy industry, and consumers globally have accepted that there is an urgent need to transition into cleaner sources of energy such as blue hydrogen. Blue hydrogen is an energy carrier derived from natural gas that presents an opportunity for decarbonisation as well as a potential source of more environmental damage if not implemented correctly. The United Kingdom like many other countries has invested vast resources into planned blue hydrogen projects for various end-use applications and this development has received pessimistic opinions on the impact of blue hydrogen towards net zero largely on the environmental perspective. In this presentation, we will present our work on blue hydrogen lifecycle assessment study with a link to policy development and implementation. The detailed study was carried out using the LCA cradle to gate approach in compliance with ISO 14044 and covers production to utilisation stages using a case study plant. The study results demonstrate how the proposed blue hydrogen projects for instance in the UK can meet the emissions standard of 20gCO2-eq/MJ H2 given by the UK Government while using evidence-based lifecycle assessment process. This study’s findings on evaluation of blue hydrogen with its complexities as an energy vector for decarbonization suggests that blue hydrogen can be environmentally sustainable if energy consumption is managed and material production and use is efficient. Further findings will be discussed, conclusions drawn, and future perspective outlined. The study will have impact on moving towards a firm consensus on the production scale limits of sustainable blue hydrogen production locally, regionally and globally as well as aligning policy development and implementation with environmental goals such as the net zero.

Alexander Oburoh 300x300.jpg
Alexander Oburoh PhD Researcher National Subsea Centre
  • 9 30 AM

Latest Developments on a 20 GW Green Hydrogen Project

Production

Its wind-solar-hydrogen plant in Mangystau region of Kazakhstan is to produce up to two million tonnes of hydrogen per year, starting in 2032. In the HYRASIA ONE project, wind energy and photovol...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Latest Developments on a 20 GW Green Hydrogen Project

  • pr-alarm9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Its wind-solar-hydrogen plant in Mangystau region of Kazakhstan is to produce up to two million tonnes of hydrogen per year, starting in 2032. In the HYRASIA ONE project, wind energy and photovoltaic plants with a nameplate capacity of around 40 gigawatts will be installed in the vast steppes of southwest of Kazakhstan. The renewable energy of about 120 terawatt-hours per year generated by these plants will supply an industrial park of electrolysers on the coast of the Caspian Sea, which will have a total capacity of 20 GW and produce up to two million tonnes of green hydrogen per year. To put this into perspective, this is equivalent to about one fifth of the expected EU import demand for green hydrogen in 2030. ILF Consulting Engineers have successfully completed the first project development phase of the concept design study, in collaboration with others. In this presentation ILF will provide an overview of the HYRASIA ONE and its contribution to this mega project.

Nima Ghazi - ILF Consulting Engineers - Vice President Energy & Climate Protection .jpg
Nima Ghazi Vice President of Energy and Climate Protection (North America) ILF Consulting Engineers
  • 10 00 AM
Coffee Break & Visit Exhibition
  • 10 30 AM

Transitioning Canadian Fleets to Hydrogen

End User

As per Environment and Climate Change Canada’s 2022 report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Canada's total GHG emissions in 2020 were 672 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. The transportation sec...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Transitioning Canadian Fleets to Hydrogen

  • pr-alarm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

As per Environment and Climate Change Canada’s 2022 report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Canada's total GHG emissions in 2020 were 672 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. The transportation sector accounts for 24% of the total emissions. Between 1990 and 2020, GHG emissions from the transportation sector grew by 32%. This growth was mostly driven by increases from freight and light trucks, as per the report. It is abundantly clear that decarbonizing the medium-and heavy-duty transportation sector will significantly propel Canada’s drive towards its net-zero goals. HTEC, Canada’s leading clean hydrogen solutions company, helps medium and heavy-duty transportation transition towards a low carbon future through hydrogen powered vehicle supply solutions and adoption support. This presentation will outline the environmental case for hydrogen adoption by the medium- and heavy-duty transportation sector including the application of FCEV, its financial viability, and the working legitimacy of transitioning Canadian fleets to hydrogen. HTEC has been working on several projects in varied capacities to support this transition. Alberta-based AZETEC project features the development of two long-range fuel cell electric trucks (FCET) for operation between Edmonton and Calgary. HTEC is providing fuel supply solutions, including a compression and purification system: HTEC’s PowerCube modular storage system and PowerFill high-volume gas transfer module, enabling the heavy-duty transportation market’s move towards a low-carbon future. The presentation will also discuss how HTEC completed Zero Emissions Bus (ZEB) rollout plans for three transit agencies in California: SunLine Transit, Golden Empire Transit (GET), and Fresno Area Express (FAX). Each plan incorporated a mix of fuel cell and battery electric buses that ensure the agencies will be able to maintain their current level of service while minimizing the transition cost. Current geopolitics and climate agreements is accelerating the commitment and enthusiasm for this transition. HTEC’s modeling and analysis shows that the future of the medium- and heavy-duty transportation sector will need to be reliant on hydrogen to achieve our net-zero goals.

Marcel Pouliot 300x300.jpg
Marcel Pouliot Director of Fleet Services HTEC
  • 10 30 AM

Water Demand for Blue Hydrogen Production

Environment and Trade

Objectives/Scope: Blue hydrogen has attracted a lot of interest, especially in countries with abundant fossil fuel reserves such as Canada. Currently, there is a good understanding of the techno-ec...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Environment and Trade

Water Demand for Blue Hydrogen Production

  • pr-alarm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Objectives/Scope: Blue hydrogen has attracted a lot of interest, especially in countries with abundant fossil fuel reserves such as Canada. Currently, there is a good understanding of the techno-economic and GHG emission performance of natural gas-based technologies for hydrogen production with carbon capture and storage. However, there is very limited information in the literature regarding the impact of carbon capture and storage on water demand. Methods, Procedures, Process: We studied the water demand in hydrogen production via steam methane reforming, auto-thermal reforming, and natural gas decomposition with and without carbon capture and storage. We assumed that CO2 is captured via commercialized amine scrubbing. Captured CO2 is transported meeting the Alberta Trunk Line’s operating conditions for subsequent underground storage. Results, Observations, Conclusions: The main output of this study is water demand coefficients for different stages, hydrogen production, CO2 capture, CO2 transportation, and CO2 storage. Water demand includes water withdrawal, water consumption, and water discharge back to the water source. Novel/Additive Information: The results of this study provide an understating of the impact of low-carbon hydrogen on the freshwater resources. It can be helpful for policy- and decision-makers to identify opportunities and areas of improvement in hydrogen deployment as a pathway to attain the Paris agreement goal of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.

Karina Anaya.jpg
Karina Anaya Ph.D. Student University of Alberta
  • 10 30 AM

Technic-economic Analysis of Methane Pyrolysis for Decarbonizing Compressor Stations

Production

Over 90% of TCE’s current emission comes from stationary combustion by turbines used in power plants and compressor stations. The object of this talk is to evaluate the technical-economic viability...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Technic-economic Analysis of Methane Pyrolysis for Decarbonizing Compressor Stations

  • pr-alarm10:30 AM - 11:00 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Over 90% of TCE’s current emission comes from stationary combustion by turbines used in power plants and compressor stations. The object of this talk is to evaluate the technical-economic viability of using methane pyrolysis to decarbonize compressor stations. TC energy has been investigating various technology pathways to decarbonize compressor stations such as electrification, carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), fuel switching with hydrogen or RNG as well as carbon offsets. Methane pyrolysis provides a potential alternative solution to generate hydrogen on-site at a compressor station when other options are not feasible duo resources limitations with CO2 think, power or water. Methane pyrolysis uses electrical or thermal energy to decompose methane into hydrogen gas and solid carbon, providing a CO2 emission-free pathway for making hydrogen from natural gas transported in the transmission system. Solid carbon can be either sold as a by-product or, when at scale, disposed as solid waste. There are three major types of technologies: plasma, thermal and catalytic processes. The technical attributes of the three processes are detailed in the presentation. Plasma and thermal technologies are considered for two case studies due to their advancement and momentum to the market. Case 1 is based on a generic 30MW brownfield compressor station and Case 2 is for a generic 100 MW greenfield application. The energy consumption, order-of-magnitude Capex and Opex are presented. Overall, methane pyrolysis is a promising technology as some of the developers are getting close to early adoption, especially plasma technology. It provides an alternative solution particularly when access to sequestration, water, or electricity are challenged. Without carbon sales, the levelized cost of turquoise hydrogen is not competitive against blue hydrogen but it is competitive against green hydrogen. Carbon sales even at the lowest market price would enable turquoise to compete against blue hydrogen. As with any emerging technologies, the commercial costs of methane pyrolysis at scale need to be further refined with early demonstration and adoption. The developers also need to address some key technical challenges with scale-up such as key equipment sizing, efficient heating, carbon fouling as well as integration of the system. Reliability of key equipment needs to be confirmed with longer testing and operation. In addition, market and logistics for large quantities of solid carbon need to be developed, especially for using methane pyrolysis in remote compressor stations.

Yun Bai 300x300.jpg
Yun Bai Senior Technical Specialist TC Energy
  • 11 00 AM

Hydrogen and the Transition to Net-Zero in the Northwest Territories

End User

Currently, Canada’s Northwest Territories (NWT) imports 89% of its energy as fossil fuel-based energy carriers to meet the demands of 45,132 people living in 33 communities. Consequently, per capit...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Hydrogen and the Transition to Net-Zero in the Northwest Territories

  • pr-alarm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Currently, Canada’s Northwest Territories (NWT) imports 89% of its energy as fossil fuel-based energy carriers to meet the demands of 45,132 people living in 33 communities. Consequently, per capita emissions are 1.8 times the Canadian average. To meet Canada's 2050 net-zero goal, the energy systems of the NWT must transition to zero-emission energy carriers like electricity, bioenergy, hydrogen and ammonia, all produced with minimal or no fossil-based carbon emissions. To understand the nature of the challenge, government data was used to quantify the energy systems of the NWT in 2019. Of the total 21.5 PJs of energy demand in the NWT: 1. Freight transportation was the largest consumer (39%), compared with buildings (28%), passenger transport (18%), and industry (12%). 2. Freight Transport energy demand was dominated by diesel use in on-road heavy-duty trucks, which made up 30% of the NWT’s total CO2 emissions. 3. Building energy demand is supplied by diesel (54%), biomass (21%), electricity (15%), propane (8%), and natural gas (1%). 4. Passenger travel energy demand for jet fuel to support passenger aircraft (58%) has more energy demand than gasoline use in personal vehicles. 5. Industry energy use is comprised of mining activity (82%) and oil and gas recovery. Diesel fuel imported from Alberta is the dominant energy carrier consumed in the NWT, estimated at 350 million litres or 7750 L diesel per capita per year. At the current wholesale price for diesel ($1.41/L ), the cost to the NWT is $493 million or $10,935 per capita per year. If diesel and other fuel demands could be met by zero-emission energy carriers produced in the NWT, the environmental benefits could coincide with substantial economic benefits and job creation. To explore whether the NWT’s vast undeveloped hydro resources (11,520 MW) could power a net-zero NWT energy system, literature sources were used to quantify the useful energy and energy losses for both existing and alternative net-zero technologies serving various sectors of the economy. By assigning zero-emission energy carriers (electricity, biomass, hydrogen, ammonia) to each sector and assuming that hydrogen and ammonia were made from water electrolysis, we calculated that 3,623 GWh of additional electricity is required. This included direct use of electricity for light-duty vehicles and heating (231 MWh), production of hydrogen for direct usage in heavy-duty vehicles (846 GWh), and production of hydrogen and then ammonia for transport and storage to service remote communities (2,546 GWh). Given a capacity factor of 53%, the NWT would require 780 MW of additional hydroelectric capacity to be net zero and near energy self-sufficient. Further work is needed to explore the economic feasibility and social acceptability of this scenario and others focused on transitioning the NWT to net zero emission energy systems.

Zachary Cunningham 300x300.jpg
Zak Cunningham Energy System Analyst The Transition Accelerator
  • 11 00 AM

Decentralized Turquoise Hydrogen Production for the Expedited Adaptation of Hydrogen

Production

Currently, most hydrogen production operations are centralized, large-scale steam methane reforming (SMR) units dedicated to providing hydrogen for refining or petrochemical operations. These opera...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Decentralized Turquoise Hydrogen Production for the Expedited Adaptation of Hydrogen

  • pr-alarm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Currently, most hydrogen production operations are centralized, large-scale steam methane reforming (SMR) units dedicated to providing hydrogen for refining or petrochemical operations. These operations are dedicated to specific processes without any need for long-distance transmission and distribution. But what if the hydrogen economy moves toward utilizing hydrogen as one of the mainstream energy vectors? In that case, a delivery and distribution network will be required, bringing several technical challenges that will need time to develop solutions. Some of these challenges will include inefficiency and energy loss during the transportation of hydrogen, capital and operational cost of transportation, practicality from a safety perspective and scalability and time required for development and delivery to market. As much as hydrogen has the highest specific energy on a mass basis, which makes it one of the best energy vectors for broad use, it has a very low energy density on a volume basis and hence many challenges and costs associated with transporting and delivering hydrogen to the end user. This drives hydrogen projects to be planned as big as possible to take advantage of the economy of scale. Such a large-scale deployment of hydrogen production and distribution will require time to gain investors' trust in market size, availability, and adaptation of new end-use products for relying on hydrogen as a clean energy vector. The decentralized turquoise hydrogen production unit has the advantage of delivering on-demand hydrogen wherever there is the availability of electricity and natural gas. A network of on-site modular turquoise hydrogen production units can enable faster adoption of the hydrogen economy and make hydrogen available for retail consumers without dealing with hydrogen transportation challenges and costs. This will assist with the more rapid adoption of the transition to the hydrogen economy and will create confidence in investors for market size and availability to invest in large-scale hydrogen production technologies. InnoTech Alberta has developed a decentralized hydrogen technology to enable on-site turquoise hydrogen production for retail consumers, such as trucks and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). The elemental carbon produced during this process can be stored underground and removed for disposal or post-processing off-site. The design of the process is intended for the unit's operation with minimum dependency on the on-site personnel and has the potential for fast process start-up and shut down. The system will be designed to include a compression system for both 700 and 350 bars to make it suitable for fueling small cars and large trucks and buses.

Aref Najafi 300x300.jpg
Aref Najafi Manager, Carbon Capture, Utilization and Hydrogen InnoTech Alberta
  • 11 00 AM

Considerations when Co-firing Hydrogen with NG/Oil for Carbon Emissions Reduction

Production

One potential carbon footprint reduction measure that many industrial facility owners are currently contemplating is the firing or co-firing of non-carbon-based fuels like hydrogen and ammonia in t...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Considerations when Co-firing Hydrogen with NG/Oil for Carbon Emissions Reduction

  • pr-alarm11:00 AM - 11:30 AM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

One potential carbon footprint reduction measure that many industrial facility owners are currently contemplating is the firing or co-firing of non-carbon-based fuels like hydrogen and ammonia in their steam generation equipment. However, the addition of different gaseous fuels to an existing boiler has ramifications that need careful consideration. Proper evaluation is needed to determine necessary system modifications for the concept to be implemented successfully and safely. During this presentation, B&W will discuss the various system and equipment design considerations for hydrogen firing and look at a few case studies of package boilers where hydrogen was added as a fuel.

Adam Robinson 300x300
Adam Robinson Director, ClimateBright, Canada, Alaska, NW States Babcock & Wilcox
  • 11 30 AM

Lessons Learned from Canada's Largest Hydrogen Blending Project

End User

ATCO Gas and Pipelines Ltd., through partnership with Emissions Reduction Alberta has undertaken a pilot project within the city of Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta to blend up to 20% hydrogen into a por...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Lessons Learned from Canada's Largest Hydrogen Blending Project

  • pr-alarm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

ATCO Gas and Pipelines Ltd., through partnership with Emissions Reduction Alberta has undertaken a pilot project within the city of Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta to blend up to 20% hydrogen into a portion of the City’s existing natural gas distribution utility grid. This project aims to demonstrate that blending hydrogen into the natural gas distribution system is a feasible and sensible solution to decarbonization, especially within jurisdictions with extreme climates, such as Alberta’s. The project includes localized hydrogen production, storage, blending and distribution to approximately 2100 customers. As of the date of commissioning (October 26th, 2022), this project delivers the highest blend of hydrogen to the most customers in Canada. This project involved the design, procurement, construction, and commissioning of high (4,000 kPa) and intermediate (550 kPa) pressure pure hydrogen and blended gas piping systems. Due to lagging industry guidance in the form of normative codes and standards related to hydrogen piping systems, ATCO established project specific design requirements and philosophies. ATCO proactively undertook a wide scale Organizational Change Management (OCM) process, ensuring that challenges within all areas of the natural gas utility business that would be impacted by introducing hydrogen were understood and thoroughly solutioned prior to commissioning. This effort will allow ATCO to execute on future blending projects rapidly. Additionally, ATCO was committed to extensive engagement with impacted customers, and the public to ensure that customers, regulators, and governmental bodies were comfortable with the scope of the pilot project prior to commissioning. This presentation examines the strategy, planning, and execution that ATCO undertook related to design, construction, corporate MOC and public engagement to make the Fort Saskatchewan Hydrogen Blending project a success.

Kalen Jensen 300x300.jpg
Kalen Jensen Senior Engineer ATCO Gas
Cole Zoschke 300x300
Cole Zoschke Engineer, Hydrogen Projects, Natural Gas ATCO Gas
  • 11 30 AM

A Project-lifecycle Approach for Complex Hydrogen Networks

Production

Hydrogen production is set for huge growth in the next five years with hundreds of projects from small, “over the fence” supplies to complex, regional-based, generation and delivery networks. These...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

A Project-lifecycle Approach for Complex Hydrogen Networks

  • pr-alarm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Hydrogen production is set for huge growth in the next five years with hundreds of projects from small, “over the fence” supplies to complex, regional-based, generation and delivery networks. These larger projects, using multiple varieties of hydrogen, delivered in various forms, will grow as companies and governments invest to meet their net-zero commitments. Joint venture and collaborative projects will also become increasingly prevalent as large hydrogen networks gain momentum to meet demand in the major global industrial hubs. These projects, by their very nature and size, need to be carefully managed to ensure that all parties work effectively and collaboratively, delivering the necessary cost and timescales that will make these capital-intensive projects cost effective for their Investors.
This presentation highlights a lifecycle, digital approach to deliver and manage a hydrogen network from end-to-end. This approach uses digital technology and best practices to incorporate existing hydrogen production with new capacity, which helps ensure project delivery at the right time and price, while:

• Still meeting the overall net-zero commitment for the network.
• Maintaining a strict CAPEX budget and minimizing risk and cost overruns.
• Leveraging the engineering and construction phases to deliver an overall operational infrastructure and data management that drives OPEX optimisation and hence improves the overall project’s time to break even.

Roy Calder 300x300
Roy Calder Oil & Gas Industry Principal (New Energies) AVEVA
  • 11 30 AM

Optimization of a Renewable Energy System to Power Hydrogen Electrolysis

Production

The generation of green hydrogen through electrolysis requires a large amount of plentiful, cheap and stable, green energy. The levelized cost of both onshore wind and solar energy have steadily de...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Optimization of a Renewable Energy System to Power Hydrogen Electrolysis

  • pr-alarm11:30 AM - 12:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

The generation of green hydrogen through electrolysis requires a large amount of plentiful, cheap and stable, green energy. The levelized cost of both onshore wind and solar energy have steadily decreased over the years to the point where both forms of generation are the most cost competitive in many jurisdictions. However, both solar and wind energy have high intermittency, which can significantly impact the performance of the electrolysis of hydrogen especially for applications where stable and consistent hydrogen production is required (e.g. green ammonia synthesis). The intermittency of the renewable energy system can be mitigated through parallel optimization of the power generation profiles with the sizing and operation of hydrogen production and storage system. A temporally consistent timeseries methodology will be presented, with quantified techniques to optimize the design and utilization of hydrogen plant to minimize the levelized cost of green hydrogen for specific demand scenarios. After the presentation, the audience should have a clear understanding of the optimal integration of a modern renewable energy generation system with a green electrolysis facility for low-cost green hydrogen production.

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Matthew Breakey Team Lead WSP
  • 12 00 PM
Lunch Break & Visit Exhibition
  • 1 30 PM

Worley Presentation

Transport and Storage

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Transport and Storage

Worley Presentation

  • pr-alarm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8
  • 1 30 PM

Canadian Hydrogen Corridors: Accelerating the Implementation of a Hydrogen Economy

End User

Transitioning the heavy-duty transportation sector to low- or zero-carbon operations is not a simple task. For a smooth transition, zero-emission vehicle options need to offer the performance range...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Canadian Hydrogen Corridors: Accelerating the Implementation of a Hydrogen Economy

  • pr-alarm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Transitioning the heavy-duty transportation sector to low- or zero-carbon operations is not a simple task. For a smooth transition, zero-emission vehicle options need to offer the performance range and customization as do traditional fossil-based (usually diesel) trucks today. The quickest and optimal transition to zero-emission trucks necessitates utilizing technology that can sustain existing trucking business models with minimal operational disruption. Hydrogen fuel meets the varied needs of the heavy-duty freight sector. Although battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are farther down the technology readiness path, some early rollouts of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) in the US and Europe already surpass BEVs in terms of payload capacity, range, and fueling time, and thus offer the most convincing one-to-one solution for diesel replacement. And hydrogen/diesel dual technology already offers a cost competitive option in the transition period. Successful deployments of fuel cell electric buses, trains, and fuel cell electric forklifts have already proven this capability. But for the heavy-duty transportation to comfortably adopt hydrogen to meet government decarbonization targets, The Transition Accelerator (The Accelerator) argues that the pace and scale of adoption and integration of new technologies need to match the ambitious goals. To achieve scalability and right market conditions for the transition, The Accelerator is proposing that at least two Canadian Hydrogen Corridors are needed. Corridors are envisaged as a network of hydrogen refueling stations or nodes that would enable trucking companies to operate hydrogen-powered trucks to achieve decarbonization in the heavy-duty transportation along major transportation routes in Western and Eastern parts of the country. These Corridors will also accelerate economic development opportunities by linking supply and demand regions with fueling stations and trucks on the road and providing a regional opportunity to adopt hydrogen as a clean energy source in concentrated demand areas such as regional and local public transit, space and water heating, and power generation that could also accelerate development of regional hydrogen Hubs. Our Approach is to first develop a business case with aligned interests for Western Canadian Corridor. This involves: a) Working with early adopters along the TransCanada highway from Winnipeg, Manitoba to Vancouver, British Columbia to accelerate and enable economic development opportunities for local and provincial stakeholders such as public sector, economic development agencies, transportation companies, fuel suppliers and others b) Developing a Western Canadian Corridor Roadmap c) Enabling a build-out of hydrogen refueling assets d) Assessing regional opportunities for hydrogen adoption e) Sharing lessons learned, best practices, challenges, risks, and barriers f) Realizing similar opportunities in Eastern Canada. The Accelerator is gauging interest and building the momentum and support to flesh out details. Achieving the vision presented in this document requires the collaboration of all stakeholders to create the roadmap and take action!

Dinara Millington 300x300
Dinara Millington Western Network Lead The Transition Accelerator
  • 1 30 PM

Linde Blue Solutions – Carbon Capture and Hydrogen

Production

Near-zero emission industrial plants can already today be designed or retrofitted applying approaches characterized by elimination and capture of the generated carbon dioxide (CO2) resulting from c...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Linde Blue Solutions – Carbon Capture and Hydrogen

  • pr-alarm1:30 PM - 2:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Near-zero emission industrial plants can already today be designed or retrofitted applying approaches characterized by elimination and capture of the generated carbon dioxide (CO2) resulting from combusting or converting carbon-containing fuels. Linde has developed a suite of “Blue” Technology Solutions for decarbonizing production processes using hydrocarbons. Linde will present on three categories: “Post-combustion CO2 capture”, “Pre-combustion CO2 capture and hydrogen fuel switching” and “Oxy-fuel combustion CO2 capture”.

Linde will include examples of how “Blue” decarbonization solutions can be applied across the power, chemicals, refining, mobility, and hydrogen energy carrier spaces. This paper will give an introduction into these fundamentally different solution approaches for industrial applications and walk the audience through how to choose the right solution for their application.

A wide range of decision criteria play a role when it comes to the selection of the most appropriate solution for given site-, project- and customer-specific constraints, including for example:

• Individual properties of CO2 emitters, like volume and CO2 concentration
• Emitter distribution and access with respect to available plot
• Capital expenses required for the modification of the existing assets and the new installations
• Considerations with respect to capital allocation (i.e. CO2 elimination units operated centrally by others)
• Impacts on the operation and dynamics of the foundation plant as well as reliability of the CO2 elimination units
• Impact on total thermal energy demand and utilities in general as well as energy integration potentials
• Aspects and long-term strategies associated with utilization of generated methane within the petrochemical site
• General flexibility towards combination with other CO2 reduction methods and various possible long-term strategies intended for the given site
• Possibility for staged implementation scenarios

Profound experience across multiple technology fields and industries, including petrochemical, hydrogen and CO2 processing plants, is required in order to identify the most suitable solutions for given constraints. At the example of decarbonizing world-scale industrial sites, the paper will highlight how an experienced licensor and operator can support the solution definition in such a multi-criteria decision process.

David Maher 300x300
David Maher Senior Manager, Business Development Technology Linde Gas
  • 2 00 PM

Leveraging Virtual Pipelines to Demonstrate Hydrogen's Potential

Transport and Storage

Building on ATCO Gas and Pipelines Ltd. and Certarus Ltd.’s long standing partnership supplying virtual pipeline solutions during natural gas outage events, ATCO and Certarus will detail how they w...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Transport and Storage

Leveraging Virtual Pipelines to Demonstrate Hydrogen's Potential

  • pr-alarm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Building on ATCO Gas and Pipelines Ltd. and Certarus Ltd.’s long standing partnership supplying virtual pipeline solutions during natural gas outage events, ATCO and Certarus will detail how they were able to leverage this relationship and transition their expertise in into an evolving energy landscape to provide virtual pipeline and blending solutions for hydrogen and hydrogen blended natural gas. In this presentation ATCO will detail how they were able to supply strategic customers and stakeholders with a temporary supply of hydrogen blended natural gas as part of a community and stakeholder engagement campaign to broaden the awareness of hydrogen as a decarbonization strategy moving forward. ATCO will also discuss a pivot from hydrogen production to a hydrogen virtual pipeline solution and how this was effectively utilized during supply chain interruptions which could have had significant schedule delays and ultimately put Canada’s largest hydrogen and natural gas blending project on hold. Certarus will address how they utilized their virtual pipeline model to safely supply and blend hydrogen into existing natural gas grid connected systems. Virtual pipeline and blending solutions allow faster adoption of hydrogen as a low-carbon fuel source for decarbonization strategies by allowing companies like ATCO to evaluate the impact of hydrogen and natural gas blends on emissions and existing equipment/infrastructure performance.

Laura Pysyk 300x300
Laura Pysyk Senior Engineer ATCO Gas and Pipeline Ltd.
Chris Varnado 300x300.jpg
Chris Varnado Business Development Manager - Hydrogen Certarus Ltd.
  • 2 00 PM

Reliability in Hydrogen Technology Development

End User

This presentation will describe actions that developers of hydrogen production and utilization technologies can take to ensure high reliability in their products, at various technology readiness le...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Reliability in Hydrogen Technology Development

  • pr-alarm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

This presentation will describe actions that developers of hydrogen production and utilization technologies can take to ensure high reliability in their products, at various technology readiness levels (TRLs). The presentation will use US DOE technology readiness level descriptions, and for key levels of technological readiness, describe design, verification and testing activities suitable for evaluating and improving the reliability of hydrogen-related technologies. Content will include: - Techniques to evaluate lifetime durability of components of hydrogen and fuel cell systems - Allocation of reliability requirements for system and component design specification, - Comparative tracking of Hydrogen Fuel Cell performance (lab vs. real-world) - Reliability assessment and growth programs for fleets of prototypes. - Tools and skills to collect vital information for reliability assessment and growth.

Alex Saegert 300x300
Alex Saegert President Saegert Solutions Inc.
  • 2 00 PM

Thermocatalytic Gasification of Water and Methane under Mild Conditions

Production

Unprecedented catalyst technology has been discovered for thermocatalytic production of hydrogen from water or methane under mild conditions. Thermal gasification of water is energy-intensive and p...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Thermocatalytic Gasification of Water and Methane under Mild Conditions

  • pr-alarm2:00 PM - 2:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Unprecedented catalyst technology has been discovered for thermocatalytic production of hydrogen from water or methane under mild conditions. Thermal gasification of water is energy-intensive and primitive; current technology requires solar heating to 1200-2000 °C and the use of supply-limited lanthanide catalysts. The technology for thermocatalytic methane carbonization has progressed significantly over the past decade, but remains energy intensive and operationally unprofitable, requiring operating temperatures of ≥1000 °C, even with existing catalysts. Alberta’s blue hydrogen future needs disruptive technology. Dark Matter Materials Inc. (DMM), introduces an unprecedented family of earth-abundant metal catalysts capable of producing hydrogen from either methane or water under exceptionally mild conditions. “Dark hydrogen represents a new paradigm in catalytic water gasification and an economically viable pathway to methane carbonization. The Hamilton-Stryker catalysts comprise a new class of earth-abundant non-strategic metal nanocatalysts designed from first principles to activate O?"H and strong C?"H bonds by the lowest possible energy mechanisms. The catalysts are cost-effective and versatile: thermocatalytic water gasification can be driven by heat alone by incorporating an inexpensive metal reductant to scavenge the oxygen produced. The solution phase process is exothermic and initiates below 60 °C, Hydrogen production requires neither electricity nor sunlight and provides a ready source of off-grid hydrogen. This process results in little oxygen, providing a distinct advantage over complex and costly, polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) systems which separate oxygen from hydrogen. In this process, water is the energy carrier, not hydrogen, which is generated on site. The catalysts are water agnostic, tolerating greywater, saltwater, and produced water, including untreated bitumen tailings water. There is no comparable technology in the marketplace or on the horizon. The same catalysts can also carbonize alkanes, such as methane, at temperatures as low as 250 °C, representing a disruptive reduction in energy, dissipated heat, and infrastructure costs. As a considerable bonus, the carbon produced at these temperatures is anything but amorphous ?" most of it is isolated as graphene and luminescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs).

Jeffrey Stryker 300x300.jpg
Jeffrey Stryker Chief Scientific Officer Dark Matter Materials, Inc.
  • 2 30 PM
Coffee Break & Visit Exhibition
  • 3 00 PM

Low-Carbon Vehicle Transition for Sustainable Public Transit

Transport and Storage

To achieve the transition to 100% zero-emission transport on a global level, transit bus fleets and operators will need both battery electric and fuel cell electric buses to meet route and service...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Transport and Storage

Low-Carbon Vehicle Transition for Sustainable Public Transit

  • pr-alarm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

To achieve the transition to 100% zero-emission transport on a global level, transit bus fleets and operators will need both battery electric and fuel cell electric buses to meet route and service requirements. Today, fuel cell electric buses (FCEBs) have shown they are a true zero-emission 1:1 replacement for conventional diesel buses. Thanks to large scale deployments primed for global transition, FCEB projects in a range of cities around the world are already in operation and are demonstrating the potential this technology has for wider adoption across transport markets worldwide. The building blocks for heavy-duty fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are in place today. There is an excellent understanding of the vehicles, the fuelling and infrastructure that is required, as well as the maintenance setup thanks to the work undertaken on earlier FCEB projects. Hydrogen fuel cell technology is prepared for the transport sector to play its part in the battle against climate change ? delivering a viable and sustainable real-world alternative that reduces urban air and noise pollution, providing a zero-emission clean solution for public transport to enable the decarbonisation of municipalities worldwide. This presentation will track the journey of hydrogen-powered public transit vehicles and chart the trajectory of FCEV development ?" from early outliers of regional FCEB trial projects, through increasingly comprehensive and scaled-up deployments that are taking place today. It will also provide a comprehensive outlook on the scope of future global potential from policy and infrastructure to technology and training, to ensure the transition is practical, sustainable and scalable. The presentation will outline how technology, public service platforms and social acceptance will lead to efficient adoption of large-scale zero-emission powertrain solutions to enable transit decarbonisation. This will detail how alternative fuel will work in tandem to power multiple applications, delivering a hybrid architecture to offer a reliable and effective replacement to high-polluting diesel engines. Using real-world examples to demonstrate how the gap between current projects and large scale deployments can be successfully bridged, the presentation will look at established programs across North America in places such as Oakland, Palm Desert, Santa Ana and Canton; and highlight the work achieved by major industry players ?" including manufacturer New Flyer putting FCEBs on the road across the U.S., SunLine Transit Agency building entire fleets of hydrogen-powered FCEBS and even the California Energy Commission’s latest inventive initiative for vehicle-to-build bidirectional electric vehicle charging. With a forward-looking focus, the presentation will present the competitive positioning of fuel cells, as well as establishing how developing fuel cell product maturity will support and drive an industry-wide transition and how this shift can be effectively sustained through design, manufacture and product use.

Nicolas Pocard 300x300
Nicolas Pocard Vice President, Marketing and Strategic Partnerships Ballard Power Systems Inc.
  • 3 00 PM

Lessons Learned from Blending Hydrogen into the First Hydrogen Home

End User

One of largest uses of natural gas is for space and domestic hot water heating in publicly occupied homes, apartments, and businesses. A large network of distribution systems currently exists for d...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Lessons Learned from Blending Hydrogen into the First Hydrogen Home

  • pr-alarm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

One of largest uses of natural gas is for space and domestic hot water heating in publicly occupied homes, apartments, and businesses. A large network of distribution systems currently exists for delivering natural gas to millions of homes. The addition of hydrogen to this infrastructure potentially facilitates the large-scale supply of a “greener” fuel to the general public, provided the hydrogen can be accurately and reliably blended with natural gas in accordance with the highest safety and composition control specifications. SoCalGas’ Hydrogen Home is one of the first fully integrated demonstration project with solar panels, a battery, and electrolyzer to convert solar energy to hydrogen and a fuel cell to supply electricity for the home. Hydrogen is blended with natural gas and used in the home's heat pump HVAC unit, water heater, clothes dryer, and gas stove. The home functions and feels just like a regular home but uses reliable and clean energy 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. Heating a home with hydrogen is a stepping stone in spooling up the hydrogen economy - by giving the gas somewhere to go, it helps Producers justify the expense of setting up production plants. Spartan Controls' Hydrogen Blending Solution safely blends hydrogen with natural gas for residential use. Now in operation, this presentation will present a look back on the lessons learned from blending hydrogen into one of the first Hydrogen homes.

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Ryan McKimmie Business Development, Industry Applications Spartan Controls Ltd.
  • 3 00 PM

Hydrogen Safety - Canadian Landscape and Future Approaches

End User

Hydrogen Safety - Canadian Landscape and Future Approaches Ian Castillo, Sam Suppiah, Steven McGee, Rita Liang, Nirmal Gnanapragasam, Helmut Fritzsche, Lee Gardner, and Don Ryland, Canadian Nuclear...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
End User

Hydrogen Safety - Canadian Landscape and Future Approaches

  • pr-alarm3:00 PM - 3:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

Hydrogen Safety - Canadian Landscape and Future Approaches Ian Castillo, Sam Suppiah, Steven McGee, Rita Liang, Nirmal Gnanapragasam, Helmut Fritzsche, Lee Gardner, and Don Ryland, Canadian Nuclear Labs Alex Borovskis, Helixos Hydrogen is a key enabler for decarbonisation as countries pledge to reach net zero emissions by 2050. With hydrogen infrastructure expanding rapidly beyond its established applications, there is a national requirement for robust safety practices, solutions and regulations. Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL), a leader in hydrogen safety with 50 years of experience, has established a comprehensive hydrogen safety program to investigate hydrogen behaviour encompassing gas mixing, transport, combustion, and mitigation techniques and products. Furthermore, as a national laboratory, CNL is uniquely placed to facilitate a forum on the emerging needs of the Canadian hydrogen safety landscape that identifies gaps, opportunities, and potential collaborations. Canadian Nuclear Laboratories organized a seminal workshop with over 75 participants from industry, regulators, universities, and other research centres with a two-fold goal in mind. First to look at current and future gaps, or missing skills that will present barriers or opportunities that can improve hydrogen safety, thus enabling broader deployment. And second, to discuss how these gaps and opportunities can be best addressed through existing or developing capabilities nationally or internationally, emphasizing synergistic and collaborative approaches. Taking a systematic and comprehensive approach, five themes emerged from the discussion: Safety challenges in the industrial production and handling of hydrogen, material-related safety issues, safety infrastructure and test facilities, nuclear hydrogen initiatives and stakeholder engagement and community consultation. This paper will present the results of the workshop, the methodology taken to analyse the results, the common trends and the capabilities available across the nation to address the challenges, in a succinct, and actionable manner. This paper will also touch on the solutions and identify potential partnerships to tackle these solutions through collaboration and innovation.

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Ian Castillo Head of Directorate Canadian Nuclear Laboratories
  • 3 30 PM

Quantitative Reliability Estimation for Hydrogen-containing Pipelines with Crack-like Flaws

Transport and Storage

Quantitative reliability estimation is a leading technique for assessing the safety of pipeline systems. This technique incorporates structural reliability models, such as those in fitness-for-serv...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Transport and Storage

Quantitative Reliability Estimation for Hydrogen-containing Pipelines with Crack-like Flaws

  • pr-alarm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Quantitative reliability estimation is a leading technique for assessing the safety of pipeline systems. This technique incorporates structural reliability models, such as those in fitness-for-service standards, in a probabilistic framework to quantitatively predict future failure rates of structures. The results may then be used to perform reliability-based design and assessment (RBDA) or, if the consequences of failure are also estimated, for a quantitative risk assessment (QRA). While RBDA and QRA are well-established methods applied to pipelines carrying natural gas and conventional liquid hydrocarbons, their adaptation to hydrogen-containing pipelines (whether pure hydrogen or hydrogen-natural gas blends) is still in development. Due to the adverse effect of hydrogen on the fracture properties of pipeline steels, known as hydrogen embrittlement, quantitative reliability models for estimating the probability of pipeline failure in the presence of crack-like flaws are of key interest. This presentation will discuss ongoing work at C-FER Technologies to adapt quantitative reliability models currently used for the assessment of crack-like flaws in conventional pipelines for pipelines in hydrogen service. It will include an explanation of alterations to inputs and models for hydrogen service and will identify key knowledge gaps, with recommendations for how industry may proceed to address them.

Lowell McAllister 300x300
Lowell McAllister Researcher C-FER Technologies Inc.
  • 3 30 PM

Transforming North American Hydrocarbon Hubs into Hydrogen Hubs

Production

This presentation will highlight how to capture the first-mover opportunities emerging in hydrogen production for traditionally hydrocarbon-dominated manufacturing centers. Existing hubs previousl...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Transforming North American Hydrocarbon Hubs into Hydrogen Hubs

  • pr-alarm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

This presentation will highlight how to capture the first-mover opportunities emerging in hydrogen production for traditionally hydrocarbon-dominated manufacturing centers. Existing hubs previously dedicated to the production of hydrocarbons hold strategic advantages in scaling into a global hydrogen energy hub ? specifically for manufacturing and deploying equipment key to future hydrogen production and distribution regionally and globally. Substantial activity related to gaining hydrogen hub funding is underway within the United States. In support of the Houston hydrogen hub, we have assessed which advantages make a regional hub attractive to companies. This included analysis and consultation of 100+ market players. It uncovered which existing and emerging strengths are of greatest importance, differentiating among players in the value chain. Once identified, these strengths were compared to other regions seeking to establish themselves as hydrogen hubs, but that do not have a recent history as a hydrocarbon hub. This comparison finds that established hydrocarbon hubs are attractive due to their sophisticated manufacturing base, energy-related ecosystems (including financial elements), and an industrial base ready to integrate electrolyzers and provide demand for hydrogen products. Hydrocarbon hubs have already displayed the ability to continuously adapt to a dynamic and competitive energy system; using innovation and collaboration to create efficiencies that drive down levelized costs of energy. Entrants and start-ups recognize these hubs as an ideal place to gain access to finance, market connections, and EPC support. Existing players in the O&G value chain understand they will need to get ahead of the transition already overtaking them. Key firms are already transitioning to electrolyzer and Balance of Plant (BoP) equipment production. The evaluation has also uncovered emerging pitfalls and industry pain points in investment decision making, material and component shortages, and supply chain weaknesses. In particular, key manufacturers within the hydrogen supply chain are confident they can hold market share from their existing manufacturing base yet moving slowly in the face of a rapidly expanding market. Establishment of a manufacturing hub requires effort in communicating relative strengths and willingness to grow in new directions. Specific actions and key areas of incentive and investments have been identified and have been successful in attracting manufacturers to the hub. These actions are accelerating the development of manufacturing hydrogen electrolyzers and provide a key pillar for extending the societal benefits of the hydrogen economy.

Roy Hunt 300x300.jpg
Roy Hunt Principal - Energy Transformation Partners in Performance
  • 3 30 PM

Efficient Hydrogen Production Using FuelCell Energy’s High Temperature Electrolyzer

Production

FuelCell Energy is a global leader in the manufacture of stationary fuel cell platforms which provide decarbonized power. The company is also developing Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Cell (SOEC) technol...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Efficient Hydrogen Production Using FuelCell Energy’s High Temperature Electrolyzer

  • pr-alarm3:30 PM - 4:00 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

FuelCell Energy is a global leader in the manufacture of stationary fuel cell platforms which provide decarbonized power. The company is also developing Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Cell (SOEC) technology to produce hydrogen by using electricity to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. SOEC has nearly 90 percent electrical efficiency, approximately 20% higher than other electrolysis technologies and this efficiency can be further increased if waste heat from industrial processes is available. When renewable electricity generated by wind or solar is used to power the SOEC no carbon dioxide is produced, in contrast to steam methane reforming processes. There is worldwide interest in electrolysis technologies for a wide range of uses including mobile, industrial, and energy storage applications. An overview of some of these applications and details of the SOEC under development at FuelCell Energy will be presented.

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Brian Borglum Vice President Solid Oxide Technology FuelCell Energy
  • 4 00 PM

Tracking and Blending Hydrogen in Complex Gas Networks

Transport and Storage

Objectives/ Scope: Many midstream operators are developing plans to introduce Hydrogen (H2) into natural gas networks in concentrations of 0 to 20%. It is important to keep the concentration in all...

  • locationSalon 8
  • small-arm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Transport and Storage

Tracking and Blending Hydrogen in Complex Gas Networks

  • pr-alarm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 8

Objectives/ Scope: Many midstream operators are developing plans to introduce Hydrogen (H2) into natural gas networks in concentrations of 0 to 20%. It is important to keep the concentration in all locations in the network within these limits, to control H2 cracking of the pipelines themselves and because most burners are not designed for the different Wobbe and flame speed present with H2 flames. This paper presents a model which dynamically tracks H2 in a complex network and then blends it if the concentration is too high. Methods, Procedures, Process: The model is based on proven technology which has been used on gas of variable quality for 30 years. The key item now is the addition of H2 to the composition mix. The model is dynamic and responds to changes in the H2 concentration and flowrate. It is envisioned that the H2 supply to these networks will be variable (for example solar gene rated H2). This paper will present 6 case studies of showing how H2 effects an existing network. Included in the model for H2 Storage, if the network cannot handle the amount of H2 that is available. At the blending point, there are three upstream branches and two downstream branches and one storage location that is bidirectional. Results, Observations, Conclusions: The case studies will show that for even simple events like a customer trip, the high H2 packets can travel into branches that normally don't see H2. Also, as H2 travels through the pipeline things like the pressure drop increase, the compressor duty and outlet temperature increase. Novel/ Additive Information: The model tracks gas packets dynamically in the network (packet size is based on dispersion length) and calculates the density and energy content based on the local concentration. It then has a built in EOS based on GERG 2008 to calculate the density. Even with this complexity the model can run at speeds 100X for a network that has approximately over 1000 km of pipe with added capability to blend and store H2.

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Dale Erickson Technical Authority and Technology Development Lead Wood PLC
  • 4 00 PM

Enabling the Energy Transition with Blue Hydrogen

Production

Objective: As a versatile, clean and safe energy carrier, hydrogen is expected to play a crucial role in the energy transition required to achieve net zero targets. The provision of low carbon hydr...

  • locationSalon 9
  • small-arm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

Enabling the Energy Transition with Blue Hydrogen

  • pr-alarm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 9

Objective: As a versatile, clean and safe energy carrier, hydrogen is expected to play a crucial role in the energy transition required to achieve net zero targets. The provision of low carbon hydrogen at scale is essential for mass decarbonisation efforts, as it is well-suited for use in hard-to-decarbonise areas such as heavy industry and transport. With a number of low carbon standards introduced across the globe (UK, US and EU), minimising the process carbon intensity is of the utmost importance to help project developers achieve the highest possible incentives for their hydrogen plant. Process: Johnson Matthey has developed a blue hydrogen process which delivers the lowest possible process carbon intensity with high CO2 capture rates and best-in-class economics. The process combines a gas heated reformer (GHR) and autothermal reformer (ATR). This approach produces a higher hydrogen yield and is more energy efficient than existing steam methane reforming (SMR) technologies (currently the most deployed technology for H2 production). Crucially, this process makes decarbonisation via CCS easier and cheaper than using a steam methane reformer. The process can deliver a high CO2 capture rate (>99%), making it a high efficiency, low-cost solution which provides significant benefits compared with SMR and alternative autothermal reforming (ATR) technologies. The solution is based on established chemical process engineering and over 40 years of operating experience, and is designed to operate at scale, enabling carbon reduction for sectors including industry and dispatchable power Results: Compared with conventional SMR, the combined ATR/GHR flowsheet demonstrates: • 10% lower natural gas consumption • 10% less CO2 produced • 75% lower capital cost for the CO2 capture system Additional Information: Use of the combined ATR/GHR flowsheet will futureproof and de-risk projects by minimising the impact of increasing feedstock costs, increasing costs of CO2 transmission and storage, and any potential governmental scheme for carbon taxation. Working with partners and collaborators will further accelerate the deployment of large scale hydrogen plants. This process will enable gas companies to decarbonise their operations, accelerate the energy transition, and improve the sustainability and viability of hydrogen production in the future.

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Neha Vijh Strategic Marketing Manager Johnson Matthey
  • 4 00 PM

High Temperature Steam/CO2 Electrolysis Towards Clean Fuels Manufacturing

Production

High temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE) is a preferred alternative to conventional electrolysis due to its lower energy requirement (~30%) [1]. HTSE can also co-electrolyse CO2 and steam (HTCE)...

  • locationSalon 10
  • small-arm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
wednesday April 26, 2023
Production

High Temperature Steam/CO2 Electrolysis Towards Clean Fuels Manufacturing

  • pr-alarm4:00 PM - 4:30 PM
  • pr-locationSalon 10

High temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE) is a preferred alternative to conventional electrolysis due to its lower energy requirement (~30%) [1]. HTSE can also co-electrolyse CO2 and steam (HTCE) producing syngas, a mixture of H2 and CO, a fundamental building block for making synthetic products [2] such as synthetic fuels and alcohols. Depending on the feed composition, the HTSE/HTCE electrolyser can: (1) be used for H2 or syngas production, and (2) enable production of syngas with varying ratio of H2 to CO. The unique property of a HTSE/HTCE to operate in H2 production mode and/or in co-electrolysis mode gives this technology great versatility and applicability. HTCE technology has unique appeal for reducing emissions in hard-to-abate industry. However, in co-electrolysis mode, the efficiency of the electrolyser, range of operating conditions and resistant to impurities in feed composition with real industrial feed parameters need to be studied in the laboratory as well as in an industrial setting for advancing the development and demonstration. Practical applications of the HTSE/HTCE technology are linked to the optimization of the ratios of H2 to CO of the syngas at the outlet of the electrolyser to match the requirements of the Fischer-Tropsch synthetic fuels process, and in being able to co-electrolyse CO2 emissions from different sources. A single cell CO2 co-electrolysis experimental program has been initiated in concurrence with a CFF-EIP proposal to NRCan to study the performance characteristics of a 5 kWe stack (Versa Power, FCE) for converting CO2 emissions at St Marys cement manufacturing facility in Ontario. The results of the single cell study, currently in progress, will feed into the planning of the stack testing campaign to optimize the as-produced syngas from the stack, aiming to simulate the syngas properties required for Expander’s proven Fischer-Tropsch process, which currently produces a drop-in Synthetic Diesel product near Calgary Alberta. This paper will present some of the early results of the lab experimental work and explore the merits of integration of the CO2 co-electrolysis technology with Fischer-Tropsch process to maximize efficient energy and water utilization in the integrated process. The impact of the source of power used for the electrolysis process on the carbon intensity of the Synthetic Diesel will also be investigated. [1] J. E. O’Brien, Thermodynamics and Transport Phenomena in High Temperature Steam Electrolysis Cells," Journal of Heat Transfer, vol. 134, p. 031017, (2012). [2] L. Dittrich, M. Nohl, E. E. Jaekel, S. Foit, L. G. J. de Haart and R. A. Eichel, "High-Temperature Co-Electrolysis: A Versatile Method to Sustainably Produce Tailored Syngas Compositions," Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 166, pp. F971-F975, (2019).

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Sam Suppiah Technical Manager, Hydrogen and Tritium Technologies Directorate Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL)
Gord Crawford 300x300
Gord Crawford President and Chief Operating Officer Expander Energy Inc.